In recent years fetal adnexa and fluids have been recognized as important sources of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The aim of this study was to characterize cell populations of bovine amniotic fluid studying phenotypic characterization, RNA expression and differentiation potential of samples after in vitro culture for different length of time following trypsinization and expansion (passage). Amniotic fluid samples were recovered at slaughterhouse from 25 pregnant cows and harvested cells were cultured in DMEM-TCM199 (1:1) plus 10% FBS in 5%CO2 at 38.5 °C. At passages P3 and P7, a sample for each of the 4 population found was characterized. Immunophenotypic characterization was performed for MSC (CD90, CD105, CD44) and hematopoietic (CD14, CD34) markers by flow cytometry (FACS). Immunocytochemistry (ICC) was performed for Oct4, SSEA4 and α-SMA and ratio between positive cells and total nuclei was evaluated. Gene expression profile was analyzed by RT-PCR for pluripotency markers (Oct4, Nanog, Sox2). At the same passages chondrogenic, osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation were induced and evaluated morphologically and cytologically using respectively: Alcian blue to identify glycosaminoglycans of cartilage matrix, Von Kossa for extracellular calcium deposition and Oil Red O for intracellular lipid droplets. Cell population appeared heterogeneous and we could identify 2 main cell types: round (R) and spindle-shaped (S) cells. Each isolated sample was classified into one of the following 4 types depending on percentages of R or S cells: prevalence of S-cells (S), prevalence of R-cells (R) and samples showing both morphologies with about 10% of S-cells (S10) or 40% S-cells (S40). S-cell percentage decreased with passages in S10 and S40. After FACS all lines were positive for CD90, CD105, CD44 and CD34 and negative for CD14 both at P3 and at P7. After ICC, Oct4 was negative in all samples analysed, few S-type cells stained for SSEA4 (8%) at P3 but increased at P7 to 22%; R, S10 and S40 did not express SSEA4 both at P3 and at P7. α-SMA was expressed in all samples at P3 (9.4% S; 0.9% R; 2.5% S10; 27% S40) but not at P7 (27.5% S; 0% R; 0% S10; 0% S40). After RT-PCR analyses Oct4 was negative in all samples, at P3 Nanog was clearly positive in S cells, weak in S40 and negative in R and S10, but all samples turned negative at P7. Sox2 was weakly expressed (S) or not expressed (S10, S40, R) at P3 and it was negative in all cells at P7. Only S-cells showed high differentiation potential into all 3 lineages at both P3 and P7, R-cells had the lowest differentiation potential while S10 and S40 were intermediate at both end points. In conclusion, bovine amniotic fluid showed heterogeneous cell populations and S-type had the characteristics of MSCs. S10 and S40 showed more MSC markers at P3, when S population was still present, and this aspect suggests that S population is the presumptive MSC one. Although prevalent, R-type showed only some MSC characteristics. Further studies are under way to improve S-type isolation, purification, culture and to determine the lifespan of these cell types. Work supported by grant PRIN2009.

Bovine Amniotic Fluid Mesenchymal Stem Cells characterization after culture in vitro / Rossi, B; Merlo, B; Iacono, E; Pagliaro, Pp; Tazzari, Pl; Ricci, F; Galli, C. - In: REPRODUCTION FERTILITY AND DEVELOPMENT. - ISSN 1031-3613. - ELETTRONICO. - 26:1(2014), pp. 207-208. [10.1071/RDv26n1Ab186]

Bovine Amniotic Fluid Mesenchymal Stem Cells characterization after culture in vitro

ROSSI, BARBARA;MERLO, BARBARA;IACONO, ELEONORA;PAGLIARO, PASQUALE PAOLO;GALLI, CESARE
2014

Abstract

In recent years fetal adnexa and fluids have been recognized as important sources of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The aim of this study was to characterize cell populations of bovine amniotic fluid studying phenotypic characterization, RNA expression and differentiation potential of samples after in vitro culture for different length of time following trypsinization and expansion (passage). Amniotic fluid samples were recovered at slaughterhouse from 25 pregnant cows and harvested cells were cultured in DMEM-TCM199 (1:1) plus 10% FBS in 5%CO2 at 38.5 °C. At passages P3 and P7, a sample for each of the 4 population found was characterized. Immunophenotypic characterization was performed for MSC (CD90, CD105, CD44) and hematopoietic (CD14, CD34) markers by flow cytometry (FACS). Immunocytochemistry (ICC) was performed for Oct4, SSEA4 and α-SMA and ratio between positive cells and total nuclei was evaluated. Gene expression profile was analyzed by RT-PCR for pluripotency markers (Oct4, Nanog, Sox2). At the same passages chondrogenic, osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation were induced and evaluated morphologically and cytologically using respectively: Alcian blue to identify glycosaminoglycans of cartilage matrix, Von Kossa for extracellular calcium deposition and Oil Red O for intracellular lipid droplets. Cell population appeared heterogeneous and we could identify 2 main cell types: round (R) and spindle-shaped (S) cells. Each isolated sample was classified into one of the following 4 types depending on percentages of R or S cells: prevalence of S-cells (S), prevalence of R-cells (R) and samples showing both morphologies with about 10% of S-cells (S10) or 40% S-cells (S40). S-cell percentage decreased with passages in S10 and S40. After FACS all lines were positive for CD90, CD105, CD44 and CD34 and negative for CD14 both at P3 and at P7. After ICC, Oct4 was negative in all samples analysed, few S-type cells stained for SSEA4 (8%) at P3 but increased at P7 to 22%; R, S10 and S40 did not express SSEA4 both at P3 and at P7. α-SMA was expressed in all samples at P3 (9.4% S; 0.9% R; 2.5% S10; 27% S40) but not at P7 (27.5% S; 0% R; 0% S10; 0% S40). After RT-PCR analyses Oct4 was negative in all samples, at P3 Nanog was clearly positive in S cells, weak in S40 and negative in R and S10, but all samples turned negative at P7. Sox2 was weakly expressed (S) or not expressed (S10, S40, R) at P3 and it was negative in all cells at P7. Only S-cells showed high differentiation potential into all 3 lineages at both P3 and P7, R-cells had the lowest differentiation potential while S10 and S40 were intermediate at both end points. In conclusion, bovine amniotic fluid showed heterogeneous cell populations and S-type had the characteristics of MSCs. S10 and S40 showed more MSC markers at P3, when S population was still present, and this aspect suggests that S population is the presumptive MSC one. Although prevalent, R-type showed only some MSC characteristics. Further studies are under way to improve S-type isolation, purification, culture and to determine the lifespan of these cell types. Work supported by grant PRIN2009.
2014
Bovine Amniotic Fluid Mesenchymal Stem Cells characterization after culture in vitro / Rossi, B; Merlo, B; Iacono, E; Pagliaro, Pp; Tazzari, Pl; Ricci, F; Galli, C. - In: REPRODUCTION FERTILITY AND DEVELOPMENT. - ISSN 1031-3613. - ELETTRONICO. - 26:1(2014), pp. 207-208. [10.1071/RDv26n1Ab186]
Rossi, B; Merlo, B; Iacono, E; Pagliaro, Pp; Tazzari, Pl; Ricci, F; Galli, C
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/525136
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