To date non-destructive techniques, such as Near Infra Red Spectroscopy (NIRS) and the electronic nose, are used only to segregate fruit based on pre-selected quality attributes. Since these techniques allow rapid and easy determination of a wide range of internal attributes related to fruit quality, the collected data could be used in the field to establish proper harvesting time or, in packing houses, to optimise storage strategy. In addition, analysis of volatile compounds performed via e-nose allows early diagnosis of important fruit diseases such as “grey mould” and Sclerotinia rot. This report presents preliminary results on the use of NIRS and e-nose techniques for fruit quality determination and as an alternative approach for early diagnosis on asymptomatic fruits. The research was carried on Actinidia deliciosa (‘Hayward’ and Summerkiwi™) and Actinidia chinensis (‘Hort16A’). Fruit quality studies were performed on all cultivars in the field as well as in the packing house. The diagnostic studies were performed under controlled conditions on fruit experimentally inoculated with pathogenic fungi. The olfactory profiles of control and inoculated fruits were compared by means of PCA.

INNOVATIVE APPLICATION OF NON-DESTRUCTIVE TECHNIQUES FOR FRUIT QUALITY AND DISEASE DIAGNOSIS

COSTA, GUGLIELMO;SPINELLI, FRANCESCO
2007

Abstract

To date non-destructive techniques, such as Near Infra Red Spectroscopy (NIRS) and the electronic nose, are used only to segregate fruit based on pre-selected quality attributes. Since these techniques allow rapid and easy determination of a wide range of internal attributes related to fruit quality, the collected data could be used in the field to establish proper harvesting time or, in packing houses, to optimise storage strategy. In addition, analysis of volatile compounds performed via e-nose allows early diagnosis of important fruit diseases such as “grey mould” and Sclerotinia rot. This report presents preliminary results on the use of NIRS and e-nose techniques for fruit quality determination and as an alternative approach for early diagnosis on asymptomatic fruits. The research was carried on Actinidia deliciosa (‘Hayward’ and Summerkiwi™) and Actinidia chinensis (‘Hort16A’). Fruit quality studies were performed on all cultivars in the field as well as in the packing house. The diagnostic studies were performed under controlled conditions on fruit experimentally inoculated with pathogenic fungi. The olfactory profiles of control and inoculated fruits were compared by means of PCA.
Proceedings of the VIth International Symposium on kiwifruit
275
282
G. Costa; M. Noferini; G. Fiori; F. Spinelli
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/52334
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 16
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact