Integration of functional oxides on Si substrates could open a pathway to integrate diverse devices on Si-based technology. Oxygen vacancies (Vo(··)) can strongly affect solid state properties of oxides, including the room temperature ferromagnetism (RTFM) in diluted magnetic oxides. Here, we report a systematical study on the RTFM of oxygen vacancy engineered (by Pr(3+) doping) CeO2 epitaxial thin films on Si substrates. High quality, mixed single crystalline Ce1-xPrxO2-δ (x = 0-1) solid solution films were obtained. The Ce ions in CeO2 with a fluorite structure show a Ce(4+)-dominant valence state in all films. The local crystal structures of the films were analyzed in detail. Pr doping creates both Vo(··) and PrO8-complex defects in CeO2 and their relative concentrations vary with the Pr-doping level. The RTFM properties of the films reveal a strong dependence on the relative Vo(··) concentration. The RTFM in the films initially increases with higher Pr-doping levels due to the increase of the F(+) center (Vo(··) with one occupied electron) concentration and completely disappears when x > 0.2, where the magnetic polaron concentration is considered to decline below the percolation threshold, thus long-range FM order can no longer be established. We thus demonstrate the possibility to directly grow RTFM Pr-doped CeO2 films on Si substrates, which can be an interesting candidate for potential magneto-optic or spintronic device applications.

Oxygen vacancy induced room temperature ferromagnetism in Pr-doped CeO2 thin films on silicon

BOSCHERINI, FEDERICO;
2014

Abstract

Integration of functional oxides on Si substrates could open a pathway to integrate diverse devices on Si-based technology. Oxygen vacancies (Vo(··)) can strongly affect solid state properties of oxides, including the room temperature ferromagnetism (RTFM) in diluted magnetic oxides. Here, we report a systematical study on the RTFM of oxygen vacancy engineered (by Pr(3+) doping) CeO2 epitaxial thin films on Si substrates. High quality, mixed single crystalline Ce1-xPrxO2-δ (x = 0-1) solid solution films were obtained. The Ce ions in CeO2 with a fluorite structure show a Ce(4+)-dominant valence state in all films. The local crystal structures of the films were analyzed in detail. Pr doping creates both Vo(··) and PrO8-complex defects in CeO2 and their relative concentrations vary with the Pr-doping level. The RTFM properties of the films reveal a strong dependence on the relative Vo(··) concentration. The RTFM in the films initially increases with higher Pr-doping levels due to the increase of the F(+) center (Vo(··) with one occupied electron) concentration and completely disappears when x > 0.2, where the magnetic polaron concentration is considered to decline below the percolation threshold, thus long-range FM order can no longer be established. We thus demonstrate the possibility to directly grow RTFM Pr-doped CeO2 films on Si substrates, which can be an interesting candidate for potential magneto-optic or spintronic device applications.
2014
Niu, G.; Hildebrandt, E.; Schubert, M.A.; Boscherini, F.; Zoellner, M.H.; Alff, L.; Walczyk, D.; Zaumseil, P.; Costina, I.; Wilkens, H.; Schroeder, T.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/519656
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 75
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 75
social impact