Bio-energy systems based on dedicated crops depend on efficient and economic feedstock production as a pre-requisite for sustainable development. In this study, 15 annual and perennial species suited for temperate or tropical areas were assessed in terms of energy and financial balance: oil and coconut palm, jatropha, castor bean, sunflower and rapeseed (biodiesel); sugar cane, maize and wheat (1st generation ethanol); poplar, cardoon, giant reed, miscanthus, switchgrass and fibre sorghum (heat and power, or 2nd generation ethanol). Net energy and energy efficiency as respective difference and ratio between produced and consumed energy, and net profit (revenues minus costs) were appraised under temperate or tropical conditions, depending on crop species. In addition, a sensitivity analysis was run to rate the use of oil and grain crop residues as additional energy sources. Net energy, energy efficiency and net profit exhibited a wide range ranged between 22 and 340 GJ ha-1, 2.2 and 21.1 GJ GJ-1, 38 and 415 € ha-1, respectively. Energy sector (biodiesel < 1st generation ethanol < biomass crops) and plant habit (annual < perennial species) were the two main drivers of these large differences. The complementary use of crop residues enhanced net energy (+202%) and energy efficiency (+71%), whereas net profit decreased, as average (-24%), because of higher costs (residue recovery and additional fertilizer doses) than financial returns. It is concluded that accurate evaluation of energy and economic trade-off should be the driver of crop choice and management in energy initiatives involving dedicated crop cultivation.

Energy and economic assessments of bio-energy systems based on annual and perennial crops for temperate and tropical areas / Simone Fazio; Lorenzo Barbanti. - In: RENEWABLE ENERGY. - ISSN 0960-1481. - STAMPA. - 69:(2014), pp. 233-241. [10.1016/j.renene.2014.03.045]

Energy and economic assessments of bio-energy systems based on annual and perennial crops for temperate and tropical areas

BARBANTI, LORENZO
2014

Abstract

Bio-energy systems based on dedicated crops depend on efficient and economic feedstock production as a pre-requisite for sustainable development. In this study, 15 annual and perennial species suited for temperate or tropical areas were assessed in terms of energy and financial balance: oil and coconut palm, jatropha, castor bean, sunflower and rapeseed (biodiesel); sugar cane, maize and wheat (1st generation ethanol); poplar, cardoon, giant reed, miscanthus, switchgrass and fibre sorghum (heat and power, or 2nd generation ethanol). Net energy and energy efficiency as respective difference and ratio between produced and consumed energy, and net profit (revenues minus costs) were appraised under temperate or tropical conditions, depending on crop species. In addition, a sensitivity analysis was run to rate the use of oil and grain crop residues as additional energy sources. Net energy, energy efficiency and net profit exhibited a wide range ranged between 22 and 340 GJ ha-1, 2.2 and 21.1 GJ GJ-1, 38 and 415 € ha-1, respectively. Energy sector (biodiesel < 1st generation ethanol < biomass crops) and plant habit (annual < perennial species) were the two main drivers of these large differences. The complementary use of crop residues enhanced net energy (+202%) and energy efficiency (+71%), whereas net profit decreased, as average (-24%), because of higher costs (residue recovery and additional fertilizer doses) than financial returns. It is concluded that accurate evaluation of energy and economic trade-off should be the driver of crop choice and management in energy initiatives involving dedicated crop cultivation.
2014
Energy and economic assessments of bio-energy systems based on annual and perennial crops for temperate and tropical areas / Simone Fazio; Lorenzo Barbanti. - In: RENEWABLE ENERGY. - ISSN 0960-1481. - STAMPA. - 69:(2014), pp. 233-241. [10.1016/j.renene.2014.03.045]
Simone Fazio; Lorenzo Barbanti
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/502771
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