The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is a specialized, thickened muscle region with a high resting tone mediated by myogenic and neurogenic mechanisms. During swallowing or belching, the LES undergoes strong inhibitory innervation. In the horse, the LES seems to be organized as a "one-way" structure, enabling only the oral-anal progression of food. We characterized the esophageal and gastric pericardial inhibitory and excitatory intramural neurons immunoreactive (IR) for the enzymes neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and choline acetyltransferase. Large percentages of myenteric plexus (MP) and submucosal (SMP) plexus nNOS-IR neurons were observed in the esophagus (72 ± 9 and 69 ± 8 %, respectively) and stomach (57 ± 17 and 45 ± 3 %, respectively). In the esophagus, cholinergic MP and SMP neurons were 29 ± 14 and 65 ± 24 vs. 36 ± 8 and 38 ± 20 % in the stomach, respectively. The high percentage of nitrergic inhibitory motor neurons observed in the caudal esophagus reinforces the role of the enteric nervous system in the horse LES relaxation. These findings might allow an evaluation of whether selective groups of enteric neurons are involved in horse neurological disorders such as megaesophagus, equine dysautonomia, and white lethal foal syndrome

Excitatory and inhibitory enteric innervation of horse lower esophageal sphincter / Chiocchetti R; Giancola F; Mazzoni M; Sorteni C; Romagnoli N; Pietra M. - In: HISTOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0948-6143. - ELETTRONICO. - 143:6(2015), pp. 625-635. [10.1007/s00418-014-1306-y]

Excitatory and inhibitory enteric innervation of horse lower esophageal sphincter

CHIOCCHETTI, ROBERTO;GIANCOLA, FIORELLA;MAZZONI, MAURIZIO;SORTENI, CATERINA;ROMAGNOLI, NOEMI;PIETRA, MARCO
2015

Abstract

The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is a specialized, thickened muscle region with a high resting tone mediated by myogenic and neurogenic mechanisms. During swallowing or belching, the LES undergoes strong inhibitory innervation. In the horse, the LES seems to be organized as a "one-way" structure, enabling only the oral-anal progression of food. We characterized the esophageal and gastric pericardial inhibitory and excitatory intramural neurons immunoreactive (IR) for the enzymes neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and choline acetyltransferase. Large percentages of myenteric plexus (MP) and submucosal (SMP) plexus nNOS-IR neurons were observed in the esophagus (72 ± 9 and 69 ± 8 %, respectively) and stomach (57 ± 17 and 45 ± 3 %, respectively). In the esophagus, cholinergic MP and SMP neurons were 29 ± 14 and 65 ± 24 vs. 36 ± 8 and 38 ± 20 % in the stomach, respectively. The high percentage of nitrergic inhibitory motor neurons observed in the caudal esophagus reinforces the role of the enteric nervous system in the horse LES relaxation. These findings might allow an evaluation of whether selective groups of enteric neurons are involved in horse neurological disorders such as megaesophagus, equine dysautonomia, and white lethal foal syndrome
2015
Excitatory and inhibitory enteric innervation of horse lower esophageal sphincter / Chiocchetti R; Giancola F; Mazzoni M; Sorteni C; Romagnoli N; Pietra M. - In: HISTOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0948-6143. - ELETTRONICO. - 143:6(2015), pp. 625-635. [10.1007/s00418-014-1306-y]
Chiocchetti R; Giancola F; Mazzoni M; Sorteni C; Romagnoli N; Pietra M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/497167
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