Degummed Bombyx mori (B.m.) silk fibroin fabric and mutant naked pupa cocoons (Nd-s) consisting of almost pure silk sericin were treated with chlorosulphonic acid in pyridine and investigated by FT-IR and FT-Raman spectroscopies. Untreated silk fibroin and sericin displayed typical spectral features due to characteristic amino acid composition and molecular conformation (prevailing β-sheet with a less ordered structure in sericin). Upon sulphation, the degree of molecular disorder increased in both proteins and new bands appeared. The IR bands at 1049 and 1014 cm−1 were attributed to vibrations of sulphate salts and that at 1385 cm−1 to the νasSO2 mode of organic covalent sulphates. In the 1300–1180 cm−1 range various contributions of alkyl and aryl sulphate salts, sulphonamides, sulphoamines and organic covalent sulphates, fell. Fibroin covalently bound sulphate groups through the hydroxyl groups of tyrosine and serine, while sericin through the hydroxyl groups of serine, since the δOH vibrations at 1399 cm−1 in IR and at 1408 cm−1 in Raman disappeared almost completely. Finally, the increase of the I850/I830 intensity ratio of Raman tyrosine doublet in fibroin suggested a change towards a more exposed state of tyrosine residues, in good agreement with the more disordered conformation taken upon sulphation.

Vibrational spectroscopic study of sulphated silk proteins.

TADDEI, PAOLA
2007

Abstract

Degummed Bombyx mori (B.m.) silk fibroin fabric and mutant naked pupa cocoons (Nd-s) consisting of almost pure silk sericin were treated with chlorosulphonic acid in pyridine and investigated by FT-IR and FT-Raman spectroscopies. Untreated silk fibroin and sericin displayed typical spectral features due to characteristic amino acid composition and molecular conformation (prevailing β-sheet with a less ordered structure in sericin). Upon sulphation, the degree of molecular disorder increased in both proteins and new bands appeared. The IR bands at 1049 and 1014 cm−1 were attributed to vibrations of sulphate salts and that at 1385 cm−1 to the νasSO2 mode of organic covalent sulphates. In the 1300–1180 cm−1 range various contributions of alkyl and aryl sulphate salts, sulphonamides, sulphoamines and organic covalent sulphates, fell. Fibroin covalently bound sulphate groups through the hydroxyl groups of tyrosine and serine, while sericin through the hydroxyl groups of serine, since the δOH vibrations at 1399 cm−1 in IR and at 1408 cm−1 in Raman disappeared almost completely. Finally, the increase of the I850/I830 intensity ratio of Raman tyrosine doublet in fibroin suggested a change towards a more exposed state of tyrosine residues, in good agreement with the more disordered conformation taken upon sulphation.
P. Monti; G. Freddi; C. Arosio; M. Tsukada; T. Arai; P. Taddei
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/49071
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