CP12 is a protein of 8.7 kDa that contributes to Calvin cycle regulation by acting as a scaffold element in the formation of a supramolecular complex with glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and phosphoribulokinase (PRK) in photosynthetic organisms. NMR studies of recombinant CP12 (isoform 2) of Arabidopsis thaliana show that CP12-2 is poorly structured. CP12-2 is monomeric in solution and contains four cysteines, which can form two intramolecular disulfides with midpoint redox potentials of -326 and -352 mV, respectively, at pH 7.9. Site-specific mutants indicate that the C-terminal disulfide is involved in the interaction between CP12-2 and GAPDH (isoform A4), whereas the N-terminal disulfide is involved in the interaction between this binary complex and PRK. In the presence of NAD, oxidized CP12-2 interacts with A4-GAPDH(KD = 0.18µM) to form a binary complex of 170 kDa with (A4-GAPDH)-(CP12-2)2 stoichiometry, as determined by isothermal titration calorimetry and multiangle light scattering analysis. PRK is a dimer and by interacting with this binary complex (KD = 0.17 µM) leads to a 498-kDa ternary complex constituted by two binary complexes and two PRK dimers, i.e. ((A4-GAPDH)-(CP12-2)2-(PRK))2. Thermodynamic parameters indicate that assembly of both binary and ternary complexes is exoergonic although penalized by a decrease in entropy that suggests an induced folding of CP12-2 upon binding to partner proteins. The redox dependence of events leading to supramolecular complexes is consistent with a role of CP12 in coordinating the reversible inactivation of chloroplast enzymes A4-GAPDH and PRK during darkness in photosynthetic tissues.

Spontaneous assembly of photosynthetic supramolecular complexes as mediated by the intrinsically unstructured protein CP12

MARRI, LUCIA;TROST, PAOLO BERNARDO;PUPILLO, PAOLO;SPARLA, FRANCESCA
2008

Abstract

CP12 is a protein of 8.7 kDa that contributes to Calvin cycle regulation by acting as a scaffold element in the formation of a supramolecular complex with glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and phosphoribulokinase (PRK) in photosynthetic organisms. NMR studies of recombinant CP12 (isoform 2) of Arabidopsis thaliana show that CP12-2 is poorly structured. CP12-2 is monomeric in solution and contains four cysteines, which can form two intramolecular disulfides with midpoint redox potentials of -326 and -352 mV, respectively, at pH 7.9. Site-specific mutants indicate that the C-terminal disulfide is involved in the interaction between CP12-2 and GAPDH (isoform A4), whereas the N-terminal disulfide is involved in the interaction between this binary complex and PRK. In the presence of NAD, oxidized CP12-2 interacts with A4-GAPDH(KD = 0.18µM) to form a binary complex of 170 kDa with (A4-GAPDH)-(CP12-2)2 stoichiometry, as determined by isothermal titration calorimetry and multiangle light scattering analysis. PRK is a dimer and by interacting with this binary complex (KD = 0.17 µM) leads to a 498-kDa ternary complex constituted by two binary complexes and two PRK dimers, i.e. ((A4-GAPDH)-(CP12-2)2-(PRK))2. Thermodynamic parameters indicate that assembly of both binary and ternary complexes is exoergonic although penalized by a decrease in entropy that suggests an induced folding of CP12-2 upon binding to partner proteins. The redox dependence of events leading to supramolecular complexes is consistent with a role of CP12 in coordinating the reversible inactivation of chloroplast enzymes A4-GAPDH and PRK during darkness in photosynthetic tissues.
MARRI L.; TROST P.; TRIVELLI X.; GONNELLI L.; PUPILLO P.; SPARLA F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/48662
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