Abstract H+-FOF1-ATP synthase couples proton flow through its membrane portion, FO, to the synthesis of ATP in its headpiece, F1. Upon reversal of the reaction the enzyme functions as a proton pumping ATPase. Even in the simplest bacterial enzyme the ATPase activity is regulated by several mechanisms, involving inhibition by MgADP, conformational transitions of the ε subunit, and activation by protonmotive force. Here we report that the Met23Lys mutation in the γ subunit of the Rhodobacter capsulatus ATP synthase significantly impaired the activation of ATP hydrolysis by protonmotive force. The impairment in the mutant was due to faster enzyme deactivation that was particularly evident at low ATP/ADP ratio. We suggest that the electrostatic interaction of the introduced γLys23 with the DELSEED region of subunit β stabilized the ADP-inhibited state of the enzyme by hindering the rotation of subunit γ rotation which is necessary for the activation.

Met23Lys mutation in subunit gamma of F(O)F(1)-ATP synthase from Rhodobacter capsulatus impairs the activation of ATP hydrolysis by protonmotive force.

REBECCHI, ALBERTO;GIOVANNINI, DONATELLA;TURINA, MARIA PAOLA;MELANDRI, BRUNO ANDREA
2007

Abstract

Abstract H+-FOF1-ATP synthase couples proton flow through its membrane portion, FO, to the synthesis of ATP in its headpiece, F1. Upon reversal of the reaction the enzyme functions as a proton pumping ATPase. Even in the simplest bacterial enzyme the ATPase activity is regulated by several mechanisms, involving inhibition by MgADP, conformational transitions of the ε subunit, and activation by protonmotive force. Here we report that the Met23Lys mutation in the γ subunit of the Rhodobacter capsulatus ATP synthase significantly impaired the activation of ATP hydrolysis by protonmotive force. The impairment in the mutant was due to faster enzyme deactivation that was particularly evident at low ATP/ADP ratio. We suggest that the electrostatic interaction of the introduced γLys23 with the DELSEED region of subunit β stabilized the ADP-inhibited state of the enzyme by hindering the rotation of subunit γ rotation which is necessary for the activation.
Feniouk B.A.; Rebecchi A.; Giovannini D.; Anefors S.; Mulkidjanian A.Y.; Junge W.; Turina P.; Melandri B.A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/47713
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