This study aims to verify whether the thermal effects occurring during catalyst oxidative regeneration may have to do with the irreversible catalyst deactivation industrially observed for CrOxFy -AlF3 based catalysts. Deactivation phenomena can be due to modifications occurring on both the active phase and the support; therefore, the aging treatment effects on the support (AlF3) and fresh and stabilized catalysts CrOxFy/AlF3 were compared. It was proved that, at temperatures higher than 600°C, the support undergoes to loss of HF and sintering phenomena correlated with the irreversible evolution to the thermally stable -phase. The presence of Cr ions has an inhibiting effect on the support crystals growth, but strongly catalyses the surface area decrease at a relatively low temperature. In addition, the evolution of HF from chromium-containing catalysts starts at a very low temperature and is related to the formation of the crystalline Cr2O3 phase. Moreover, UV-Vis and TPR analysis demonstrated that, due to aging treatments, chromium ions tend to interact with the support, and lead to the formation of less reducible chromium species, which are probably responsible for the irreversible catalytic activity degradation observed in commercial processes.

Aging investigation on catalysts for hydrofluorocarbons synthesis

ALBONETTI, STEFANIA;FORNI, LAURA;ZAPPOLI, SERGIO;TRIFIRO', FERRUCCIO
2007

Abstract

This study aims to verify whether the thermal effects occurring during catalyst oxidative regeneration may have to do with the irreversible catalyst deactivation industrially observed for CrOxFy -AlF3 based catalysts. Deactivation phenomena can be due to modifications occurring on both the active phase and the support; therefore, the aging treatment effects on the support (AlF3) and fresh and stabilized catalysts CrOxFy/AlF3 were compared. It was proved that, at temperatures higher than 600°C, the support undergoes to loss of HF and sintering phenomena correlated with the irreversible evolution to the thermally stable -phase. The presence of Cr ions has an inhibiting effect on the support crystals growth, but strongly catalyses the surface area decrease at a relatively low temperature. In addition, the evolution of HF from chromium-containing catalysts starts at a very low temperature and is related to the formation of the crystalline Cr2O3 phase. Moreover, UV-Vis and TPR analysis demonstrated that, due to aging treatments, chromium ions tend to interact with the support, and lead to the formation of less reducible chromium species, which are probably responsible for the irreversible catalytic activity degradation observed in commercial processes.
S. Albonetti; L. Forni; P. Cuzzato; P. Alberani; S. Zappoli; F. Trifirò
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/47489
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