Nine Chlamydia suis isolates, obtained from pigs with conjunctivitis, were molecularly characterized by ompA sequencing and their in vitro susceptibility to six cathelicidin peptides (SMAP-29, BAC-7, BMAP-27, BMAP-27, BMAP-28, PG-1, LL-37) determined in cell culture. SMAP-29 was the most active peptide, reducing the intracellular inclusion number by ≥50% at a concentration of 10 μg/ml (3 μM) in six of the nine isolates tested. Three molecularly identical isolates were insensitive at a concentration as high as 80 μg/ml (25 μM). Of the remaining cathelicidin peptides tested, BAC-7 and BMAP-27 were active against six C. suis isolates at a concentration of 80 μg/ml (25 and 26 μM, respectively). Cathelicidins LL-37 and PG-1 did not show any anti-chlamydial activity at 80 μg/ml.

Sensitivity of Chlamydia suis to cathelicidin peptides.

DONATI, MANUELA;DI FRANCESCO, ANTONIETTA;PIGNANELLI, SALVATORE;SHURDHI, ALISA;BALDELLI, RAFFAELLA;CEVENINI, ROBERTO
2007

Abstract

Nine Chlamydia suis isolates, obtained from pigs with conjunctivitis, were molecularly characterized by ompA sequencing and their in vitro susceptibility to six cathelicidin peptides (SMAP-29, BAC-7, BMAP-27, BMAP-27, BMAP-28, PG-1, LL-37) determined in cell culture. SMAP-29 was the most active peptide, reducing the intracellular inclusion number by ≥50% at a concentration of 10 μg/ml (3 μM) in six of the nine isolates tested. Three molecularly identical isolates were insensitive at a concentration as high as 80 μg/ml (25 μM). Of the remaining cathelicidin peptides tested, BAC-7 and BMAP-27 were active against six C. suis isolates at a concentration of 80 μg/ml (25 and 26 μM, respectively). Cathelicidins LL-37 and PG-1 did not show any anti-chlamydial activity at 80 μg/ml.
Donati M.; Di Francesco A.; Gennaro R.; Benincasa M.; Magnino S.; Pignanelli S.; Shurdhi A.; Moroni A.; Mazzoni C.; Merialdi G.; Baldelli R.; Cevenini R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/46950
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