We discuss in this paper the influence of the presence of an elevated strike object on the peak of the lightning return stroke current determined from remote field measurements. We develop analytical expressions relating the lightning return stroke channel-base current and the far electromagnetic field for different specific cases, namely, (1) ground-initiated return strokes (classical transmission line (TL) model), (2) ground-initiated return strokes including possible reflections at ground level, (3) tall strike objects for which the current’s zero-to-peaktime is smaller than the travel time along the object, and (4) electrically short strike objects. It is shown that for tall structures, the field enhancement relative to a return stroke initiated at ground level is expressed through a specific expression. For very short towers and/or very slow return stroke current wavefronts, expressions relating the far electromagnetic field and the return stroke current were also derived. For case (2), return strokes initiated at ground level, the field enhancement relative to a return stroke initiated at ground level, case (1), is expressed through a different factor.

Determination of lightning currents from far electromagnetic fields: effect of a strike object

PAOLONE, MARIO
2007

Abstract

We discuss in this paper the influence of the presence of an elevated strike object on the peak of the lightning return stroke current determined from remote field measurements. We develop analytical expressions relating the lightning return stroke channel-base current and the far electromagnetic field for different specific cases, namely, (1) ground-initiated return strokes (classical transmission line (TL) model), (2) ground-initiated return strokes including possible reflections at ground level, (3) tall strike objects for which the current’s zero-to-peaktime is smaller than the travel time along the object, and (4) electrically short strike objects. It is shown that for tall structures, the field enhancement relative to a return stroke initiated at ground level is expressed through a specific expression. For very short towers and/or very slow return stroke current wavefronts, expressions relating the far electromagnetic field and the return stroke current were also derived. For case (2), return strokes initiated at ground level, the field enhancement relative to a return stroke initiated at ground level, case (1), is expressed through a different factor.
2007
J.L. Bermudez; F. Rachidi; W. Janischewskyj; V. Shostak; M. Rubinstein; D. Pavanello; A.M. Hussein; J.S. Chang; M. Paolone
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/44941
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