Some thyroid nodules such as follicular adenomas (FAs), follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinomas (FVPTCs), and follicular thyroid carcinomas (FTCs) exhibit similar clinical presentations and gross morphologic appearances. The differential diagnosis of these lesions is sometimes difficult based on morphologic, cytologic, or clinical features alone. miR-146b-5p and miR-21 deregulation has been associated with progression and metastasis of thyroid cancers. However, the utility of in situ hybridization (ISH) to determine the cellular localization, diagnostic, and prognostic significance of miR-146b-5p and miR-21 expression in thyroid tumors has not been extensively analyzed. In order to examine the expression of miR-146b-5p and miR-21 in benign and malignant thyroid tissues and to determine if these microRNAs could be assigned to distinct histomorphological types of thyroid nodules, we analyzed miR-146b-5p and miR-21 expression in thyroid nodules on tissue microarrays (TMAs) with 193 thyroid specimens by ISH. miR-146b-5p and miR-21 expression in thyroid tissues was also analyzed by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). miR-146b-5p was highly expressed (89 %) in papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) and 41 % of FVPTC. The expression of miR-146b-5p was not expressed in most FTCs, anaplastic thyroid carcinomas (ATCs), poorly differentiated thyroid carcinomas (PDTCs), or FAs (7, 8, 0, and 0 %, respectively). MiR-21 was overexpressed in 83 % of ATCs, 79 % of PTCs, 34 % of FVPTCs, and 19 % of PDTCs. The expression of miR-21 was not expressed in most FAs (9 %) or FTCs (4 %). Normal thyroid tissues and most benign goiters were negative for miR-146b-5p and miR-21. qRT-PCR analysis supported the ISH findings. PTC cases with positive expression of miR-146b-5p and miR-21 had significantly poorer disease-free survival rates. Immunohistochemical staining for HBME-1 showed positive staining in PTCs (100 %) and FVPTCs (92 %) with a subset of FTC (40 %) staining positive, while all FAs were negative. Since miR-146b-5p was mainly expressed in PTC including FVPTC and was not expressed in most FTC, PDTC, or ATC, it may serve as a useful diagnostic marker for PTC. ISH is a useful method to analyze microRNA expression in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded thyroid tissues.

In Situ Hybridization Analysis of miR-146b-5p and miR-21 in Thyroid Nodules: Diagnostic Implications.

ASIOLI, SOFIA;RIGHI, ALBERTO;
2015

Abstract

Some thyroid nodules such as follicular adenomas (FAs), follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinomas (FVPTCs), and follicular thyroid carcinomas (FTCs) exhibit similar clinical presentations and gross morphologic appearances. The differential diagnosis of these lesions is sometimes difficult based on morphologic, cytologic, or clinical features alone. miR-146b-5p and miR-21 deregulation has been associated with progression and metastasis of thyroid cancers. However, the utility of in situ hybridization (ISH) to determine the cellular localization, diagnostic, and prognostic significance of miR-146b-5p and miR-21 expression in thyroid tumors has not been extensively analyzed. In order to examine the expression of miR-146b-5p and miR-21 in benign and malignant thyroid tissues and to determine if these microRNAs could be assigned to distinct histomorphological types of thyroid nodules, we analyzed miR-146b-5p and miR-21 expression in thyroid nodules on tissue microarrays (TMAs) with 193 thyroid specimens by ISH. miR-146b-5p and miR-21 expression in thyroid tissues was also analyzed by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). miR-146b-5p was highly expressed (89 %) in papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) and 41 % of FVPTC. The expression of miR-146b-5p was not expressed in most FTCs, anaplastic thyroid carcinomas (ATCs), poorly differentiated thyroid carcinomas (PDTCs), or FAs (7, 8, 0, and 0 %, respectively). MiR-21 was overexpressed in 83 % of ATCs, 79 % of PTCs, 34 % of FVPTCs, and 19 % of PDTCs. The expression of miR-21 was not expressed in most FAs (9 %) or FTCs (4 %). Normal thyroid tissues and most benign goiters were negative for miR-146b-5p and miR-21. qRT-PCR analysis supported the ISH findings. PTC cases with positive expression of miR-146b-5p and miR-21 had significantly poorer disease-free survival rates. Immunohistochemical staining for HBME-1 showed positive staining in PTCs (100 %) and FVPTCs (92 %) with a subset of FTC (40 %) staining positive, while all FAs were negative. Since miR-146b-5p was mainly expressed in PTC including FVPTC and was not expressed in most FTC, PDTC, or ATC, it may serve as a useful diagnostic marker for PTC. ISH is a useful method to analyze microRNA expression in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded thyroid tissues.
2015
Guo Z;Hardin H;Montemayor-Garcia C;Asioli S;Righi A;Maletta F;Sapino A;Lloyd RV
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/449168
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