AIM: To evaluate the currently available evidence on thoracic epidural anesthesia effects on splanchnic macro and microcirculation, in physiologic and pathologic conditions. METHODS: A PubMed search was conducted using the MeSH database. Anesthesia, Epidural was always the first MeSH heading and was combined by boolean operator AND with the following headings: Circulation, Splanchnic; Intestines; Pancreas and Pancreatitis; Liver Function Tests. EMBASE, Cochrane library, ClinicalTrials.gov and clinicaltrialsregister.eu were also searched using the same terms. RESULTS: Twenty-seven relevant studies and four ongoing trials were found. The data regarding the effects of epidural anesthesia on splanchnic perfusion are conflicting. The studies focusing on regional macro-hemodynamics in healthy animals and humans undergoing elective surgery, demonstrated no influence or worsening of regional perfusion in patients receiving thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA). On the other hand most of the studies focusing on micro-hemodynamics, especially in pathologic low flow conditions, suggested that TEA could foster microcirculation. CONCLUSION: The available studies in this field are heterogeneous and the results conflicting, thus it is difficult to draw decisive conclusions. However there is increasing evidence deriving from animal studies, that thoracic epidural blockade could have an important role in modifying tissue microperfusion and protecting microcirculatory weak units from ischemic damage, regardless of the effects on macro-hemodynamics.

Thoracic epidural anesthesia: Effects on splanchnic circulation and implications in Anesthesia and Intensive care / Siniscalchi A; Gamberini L; Laici C; Bardi T; Faenza S.. - In: WORLD JOURNAL OF CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE. - ISSN 2220-3141. - ELETTRONICO. - 4:1(2015), pp. 89-104.

Thoracic epidural anesthesia: Effects on splanchnic circulation and implications in Anesthesia and Intensive care.

SINISCALCHI, ANTONIO;GAMBERINI, LORENZO;FAENZA, STEFANO
2015

Abstract

AIM: To evaluate the currently available evidence on thoracic epidural anesthesia effects on splanchnic macro and microcirculation, in physiologic and pathologic conditions. METHODS: A PubMed search was conducted using the MeSH database. Anesthesia, Epidural was always the first MeSH heading and was combined by boolean operator AND with the following headings: Circulation, Splanchnic; Intestines; Pancreas and Pancreatitis; Liver Function Tests. EMBASE, Cochrane library, ClinicalTrials.gov and clinicaltrialsregister.eu were also searched using the same terms. RESULTS: Twenty-seven relevant studies and four ongoing trials were found. The data regarding the effects of epidural anesthesia on splanchnic perfusion are conflicting. The studies focusing on regional macro-hemodynamics in healthy animals and humans undergoing elective surgery, demonstrated no influence or worsening of regional perfusion in patients receiving thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA). On the other hand most of the studies focusing on micro-hemodynamics, especially in pathologic low flow conditions, suggested that TEA could foster microcirculation. CONCLUSION: The available studies in this field are heterogeneous and the results conflicting, thus it is difficult to draw decisive conclusions. However there is increasing evidence deriving from animal studies, that thoracic epidural blockade could have an important role in modifying tissue microperfusion and protecting microcirculatory weak units from ischemic damage, regardless of the effects on macro-hemodynamics.
2015
Thoracic epidural anesthesia: Effects on splanchnic circulation and implications in Anesthesia and Intensive care / Siniscalchi A; Gamberini L; Laici C; Bardi T; Faenza S.. - In: WORLD JOURNAL OF CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE. - ISSN 2220-3141. - ELETTRONICO. - 4:1(2015), pp. 89-104.
Siniscalchi A; Gamberini L; Laici C; Bardi T; Faenza S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/443968
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