Here we show that the Renyi entanglement entropy of a region of large size l in a one-dimensional critical model whose ground state breaks conformal invariance (such as in those described by non-unitary conformal field theories), behaves as S-n similar to c(eff)(n + 1)/6n log l, where c(eff) = c - 24 Delta > 0 is the effective central charge, c (which may be negative) is the central charge of the conformal field theory and Delta not equal 0 is the lowest holomorphic conformal dimension in the theory. We also obtain results for models with boundaries, and with a large but finite correlation length, and we show that if the lowest conformal eigenspace is logarithmic (L-0 = Delta I + N with N nilpotent), then there is an additional term proportional to log (log l). These results generalize the well known expressions for unitary models. We provide a general proof, and report on numerical evidence for a non-unitary spin chain and an analytical computation using the corner transfer matrix method for a non-unitary lattice model. We use a new algebraic technique for studying the branching that arises within the replica approach, and find a new expression for the entanglement entropy in terms of correlation functions of twist fields for non-unitary models.

Entanglement entropy of non-unitary conformal field theory

RAVANINI, FRANCESCO
2015

Abstract

Here we show that the Renyi entanglement entropy of a region of large size l in a one-dimensional critical model whose ground state breaks conformal invariance (such as in those described by non-unitary conformal field theories), behaves as S-n similar to c(eff)(n + 1)/6n log l, where c(eff) = c - 24 Delta > 0 is the effective central charge, c (which may be negative) is the central charge of the conformal field theory and Delta not equal 0 is the lowest holomorphic conformal dimension in the theory. We also obtain results for models with boundaries, and with a large but finite correlation length, and we show that if the lowest conformal eigenspace is logarithmic (L-0 = Delta I + N with N nilpotent), then there is an additional term proportional to log (log l). These results generalize the well known expressions for unitary models. We provide a general proof, and report on numerical evidence for a non-unitary spin chain and an analytical computation using the corner transfer matrix method for a non-unitary lattice model. We use a new algebraic technique for studying the branching that arises within the replica approach, and find a new expression for the entanglement entropy in terms of correlation functions of twist fields for non-unitary models.
D Bianchini;O Castro-Alvaredo;B Doyon;E Levi;F Ravanini
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/426569
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