We present a Chandra study of mass profiles in seven elliptical galaxies, of which three have galaxy-scale and four have group-scale halos, demarcated at 1013 M. These represent the best available data for nearby objects with comparable X-ray luminosities. We measure approximately flat mass-to-light (M/L) profiles within an optical halflight radius (ReA), rising by an order of magnitude at 10 ReA, which confirms the presence of dark matter (DM ). The data indicate hydrostatic equilibrium, which is also supported by agreement with studies of stellar kinematics in elliptical galaxies. The data are well fitted by a model comprising an NFW DM profile and a baryonic component following the optical light. The distribution of DM halo concentration parameters (c) versus Mvir agrees with CDM predictions and our observations of bright groups. Concentrations are slightly higher than expected, which is most likely a selection effect. Omitting the stellar mass drastically increases c, possibly explaining large concentrations found by some past observers. The stellar M/LK agree with population synthesis models, assuming a Kroupa IMF. Allowing adiabatic compression (AC ) of the DM halo by baryons made M/L more discrepant, casting some doubt on AC. Our best-fitting models imply total baryon fractions 0.04Y0.09, consistent with models of galaxy formation incorporating strong feedback. The groups exhibit positive temperature gradients, consistent with the ‘‘universal’’ profiles found in other groups and clusters, whereas the galaxies have negative gradients, suggesting a change in the evolutionary history of the systems around Mvir ’ 1013 M.

A Chandra View of Dark Matter in Early-Type Galaxies

BRIGHENTI, FABRIZIO;
2006

Abstract

We present a Chandra study of mass profiles in seven elliptical galaxies, of which three have galaxy-scale and four have group-scale halos, demarcated at 1013 M. These represent the best available data for nearby objects with comparable X-ray luminosities. We measure approximately flat mass-to-light (M/L) profiles within an optical halflight radius (ReA), rising by an order of magnitude at 10 ReA, which confirms the presence of dark matter (DM ). The data indicate hydrostatic equilibrium, which is also supported by agreement with studies of stellar kinematics in elliptical galaxies. The data are well fitted by a model comprising an NFW DM profile and a baryonic component following the optical light. The distribution of DM halo concentration parameters (c) versus Mvir agrees with CDM predictions and our observations of bright groups. Concentrations are slightly higher than expected, which is most likely a selection effect. Omitting the stellar mass drastically increases c, possibly explaining large concentrations found by some past observers. The stellar M/LK agree with population synthesis models, assuming a Kroupa IMF. Allowing adiabatic compression (AC ) of the DM halo by baryons made M/L more discrepant, casting some doubt on AC. Our best-fitting models imply total baryon fractions 0.04Y0.09, consistent with models of galaxy formation incorporating strong feedback. The groups exhibit positive temperature gradients, consistent with the ‘‘universal’’ profiles found in other groups and clusters, whereas the galaxies have negative gradients, suggesting a change in the evolutionary history of the systems around Mvir ’ 1013 M.
P.J. Humphrey; D.A. Buote; F. Gastaldello; L. Zappacosta; J.S. Bullock; F. Brighenti; W.G. Mathews
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/41117
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