This study fits within the ongoing activities aimed at filling the lack of an operational IR limb sounder after the ENVISAT fault. Notably, we report the performance of a possible evolution of the MIPAS experiment. The strategy proposed for the new experiment (that we denote as MIPAS2k) is derived from the PREMIER infrared limb sounder (IRLS) and relies on both 1D array detector technology and reduction of the spectral resolution to achieve dense atmospheric sampling. We define observation parameters and report, as an example, the performance obtained by MIPAS2k when measuring O3 fields. The information load (IL) analysis was exploited to assess the sensitivity of MIPAS2k and to select optimal spectral intervals for retrieval tests on simulated observations of the new experiment. The results of the IL analysis suggest a new approach to the retrieval strategy (denoted as full-2D) in which the unknown parameter is no longer an element of the altitude profile but the constant value taken by the atmospheric quantity within a parcel (denoted as “clove”) of the 2D discretization. We demonstrate that the clove homogeneity assumption generates errors that are below the spectral noise of MIPAS2k when an appropriate clove thickness is used. Full-2D retrievals have been carried out on MIPAS2k simulated observations corresponding to a high resolution model atmosphere. We report a test case on O3 VMR in which the retrieval precision is better than 5% between 20 and 40 km and better than 30% in the upper troposphere-lower stratosphere. We test the ability of MIPAS2k to reconstruct a fine O3 structure present in the model atmosphere and we show how this structure would have been represented by MIPAS when measuring the same scenario. We have estimated the spatial resolution of MIPAS2k products by means of the perturbation approach that, in simulated retrievals, can be adopted to evaluate the averaging kernel of the retrieval parameters. For O3 we have found the estimates of 200 km and 2.5 km for the horizontal and vertical resolutions respectively.

Performance study and analysis method for a new-generation MIPAS experiment / Massimo Carlotti;Elisa Castelli;Bianca Maria Dinelli;Enzo Papandrea. - In: OPTICS EXPRESS. - ISSN 1094-4087. - ELETTRONICO. - 22:(2014), pp. 27769-27783. [10.1364/OE.22.027769]

Performance study and analysis method for a new-generation MIPAS experiment

CARLOTTI, MASSIMO;PAPANDREA, ENZO
2014

Abstract

This study fits within the ongoing activities aimed at filling the lack of an operational IR limb sounder after the ENVISAT fault. Notably, we report the performance of a possible evolution of the MIPAS experiment. The strategy proposed for the new experiment (that we denote as MIPAS2k) is derived from the PREMIER infrared limb sounder (IRLS) and relies on both 1D array detector technology and reduction of the spectral resolution to achieve dense atmospheric sampling. We define observation parameters and report, as an example, the performance obtained by MIPAS2k when measuring O3 fields. The information load (IL) analysis was exploited to assess the sensitivity of MIPAS2k and to select optimal spectral intervals for retrieval tests on simulated observations of the new experiment. The results of the IL analysis suggest a new approach to the retrieval strategy (denoted as full-2D) in which the unknown parameter is no longer an element of the altitude profile but the constant value taken by the atmospheric quantity within a parcel (denoted as “clove”) of the 2D discretization. We demonstrate that the clove homogeneity assumption generates errors that are below the spectral noise of MIPAS2k when an appropriate clove thickness is used. Full-2D retrievals have been carried out on MIPAS2k simulated observations corresponding to a high resolution model atmosphere. We report a test case on O3 VMR in which the retrieval precision is better than 5% between 20 and 40 km and better than 30% in the upper troposphere-lower stratosphere. We test the ability of MIPAS2k to reconstruct a fine O3 structure present in the model atmosphere and we show how this structure would have been represented by MIPAS when measuring the same scenario. We have estimated the spatial resolution of MIPAS2k products by means of the perturbation approach that, in simulated retrievals, can be adopted to evaluate the averaging kernel of the retrieval parameters. For O3 we have found the estimates of 200 km and 2.5 km for the horizontal and vertical resolutions respectively.
2014
Performance study and analysis method for a new-generation MIPAS experiment / Massimo Carlotti;Elisa Castelli;Bianca Maria Dinelli;Enzo Papandrea. - In: OPTICS EXPRESS. - ISSN 1094-4087. - ELETTRONICO. - 22:(2014), pp. 27769-27783. [10.1364/OE.22.027769]
Massimo Carlotti;Elisa Castelli;Bianca Maria Dinelli;Enzo Papandrea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/403962
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