The comparison of methane-derived authigenic carbonates (MDACs) from four sites, located at different tectonic and stratigraphic settings of the Gulf of Cadiz, ranging from the inner central part of the Gibraltar Arc (the Betic–Rifean Domain, within the Mediterranean outflow — MOW channel in front of the Gibraltar Strait), up to the external domain of the margin (on the recently discovered Michael Ivanov mud volcano, 4500 m in the deep Portuguese Margin), allows the characterization and comparison of the different gas seepage records along the Gulf of Cadiz sedimentary wedge. The mineralogical and geochemical characterizations of these carbonates confirm their methane-derived origin, resultant of the anaerobic oxidation of methane in shallow sediments. Three distinctive groups of MDAC were identified, based on mineralogy and morphology: chimneys, crusts and concretions. These different groups reflect the different geochemical conditions of their formation environment, reinforcing previous results from similar studies. Chimneys indicate a past and older age of formation within the sediments and subsequent influence of the MOW on their exhumation and exposure to the seawater. These chimneys also show a distinct and heavier C stable isotopic composition (− 25 up to − 8‰ PDB) than the previously reported chimneys from the Gulf of Cadiz. The concretions have characteristics indicative of actively present-day formation, and their oxygen stable isotopic composition suggests a formation in close association with gas hydrates.

Mineralogy and geochemistry of authigenic carbonates from the Gulf of Cadiz

VIOLA, IRENE;CAPOZZI, ROSSELLA;OPPO, DAVIDE;
2014

Abstract

The comparison of methane-derived authigenic carbonates (MDACs) from four sites, located at different tectonic and stratigraphic settings of the Gulf of Cadiz, ranging from the inner central part of the Gibraltar Arc (the Betic–Rifean Domain, within the Mediterranean outflow — MOW channel in front of the Gibraltar Strait), up to the external domain of the margin (on the recently discovered Michael Ivanov mud volcano, 4500 m in the deep Portuguese Margin), allows the characterization and comparison of the different gas seepage records along the Gulf of Cadiz sedimentary wedge. The mineralogical and geochemical characterizations of these carbonates confirm their methane-derived origin, resultant of the anaerobic oxidation of methane in shallow sediments. Three distinctive groups of MDAC were identified, based on mineralogy and morphology: chimneys, crusts and concretions. These different groups reflect the different geochemical conditions of their formation environment, reinforcing previous results from similar studies. Chimneys indicate a past and older age of formation within the sediments and subsequent influence of the MOW on their exhumation and exposure to the seawater. These chimneys also show a distinct and heavier C stable isotopic composition (− 25 up to − 8‰ PDB) than the previously reported chimneys from the Gulf of Cadiz. The concretions have characteristics indicative of actively present-day formation, and their oxygen stable isotopic composition suggests a formation in close association with gas hydrates.
I. Viola;V. Magalhães;L.M. Pinheiro;F. Rocha;R. Capozzi;D. Oppo;P. Terrinha;C. Hensen
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/398794
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