PURPOSE: To analyze changes in spino-pelvic parameters (SPPs) after surgery of high-grade lumbar isthmic spondylolisthesis (HDIS). METHODS: We analyzed 41 patients affected by HDIS operated upon by attempt of reduction and posterior spinal fusion with pedicle screw systems with or without interbody fusion. Pelvic tilt (PT), lumbar lordosis (LL), pelvic incidence (PI), and sacral slope (SS) were measured, and patients were further divided into balanced and unbalanced pelvis subgroups. RESULTS: SS passed from 46.8° ± 9.8° preoperatively to 50.1° ± 10.1° (p = 0.02). PT passed from 26.7° ± 6.7° preoperatively to 22.9° ± 7.5° (p = 0.003). Unbalanced patients showed significantly higher PT and lower SS compared to the balanced patients preoperatively, and these corrected after surgery. Patients with instrumentation failure (n = 5) had significant increase in PT values postoperatively (p = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed the positive effect of surgery on the SPPs in patients affected by HDIS, which showed different patterns of corrections with surgery for balanced and unbalanced pelvis patients.

Changes in spino-pelvic alignment after surgical treatment of high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis by a posterior approach: a report of 41 cases

FALDINI, CESARE;Alberto Di Martino;PERNA, FABRIZIO;GREGGI, TIZIANA;GIANNINI, SANDRO
2014

Abstract

PURPOSE: To analyze changes in spino-pelvic parameters (SPPs) after surgery of high-grade lumbar isthmic spondylolisthesis (HDIS). METHODS: We analyzed 41 patients affected by HDIS operated upon by attempt of reduction and posterior spinal fusion with pedicle screw systems with or without interbody fusion. Pelvic tilt (PT), lumbar lordosis (LL), pelvic incidence (PI), and sacral slope (SS) were measured, and patients were further divided into balanced and unbalanced pelvis subgroups. RESULTS: SS passed from 46.8° ± 9.8° preoperatively to 50.1° ± 10.1° (p = 0.02). PT passed from 26.7° ± 6.7° preoperatively to 22.9° ± 7.5° (p = 0.003). Unbalanced patients showed significantly higher PT and lower SS compared to the balanced patients preoperatively, and these corrected after surgery. Patients with instrumentation failure (n = 5) had significant increase in PT values postoperatively (p = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed the positive effect of surgery on the SPPs in patients affected by HDIS, which showed different patterns of corrections with surgery for balanced and unbalanced pelvis patients.
Cesare Faldini;Alberto Di Martino;Fabrizio Perna;Kostantinos Martikos;Tiziana Greggi;Sandro Giannini
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/398572
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