Aims. We aim to determine the redshift of GDS_1408, the most solid z similar to 7 galaxy candidate lying in the Hubble Ultra Deep Field. Methods. We have used all the VLT spectra for GDS_1408 that has been collected by two other groups with FORS2 at VLT and by us in the last five years for a total integration time of 52 h. The combined spectrum is the deepest ever obtained of a galaxy in the reionization epoch. Results. We do not detect any emission line or continuum up to 10 100 angstrom. Based on an accurate set of simulations, we are able to put a stringent upper limit of f (Lya) <3 x10(-1)8 erg/s/cm(2) at 3-9 sigma in the explored wavelength range, which corresponds to a rest-frame equivalent width EW < 9 angstrom Combining this limit with the spectral energy distribution (SED) modeling, we refine the redshift to be z = 6.82 +/- 0.1 (1-sigma). The same SED fitting indicates that GDS_1408 is relatively extinct (A(1600) similar or equal to 1) with a dust corrected starformation rate of =20 M yr(-1). The comparison between the un-attenuated equivalent width predicted by the case-B recombination eesffe theory and the observed upper limit provides a limit on the effective Ly a escape fraction of f (Ly alpha) < 8%. Even though we cannot rule out a major contribution of the inter/circum galactic medium in damping the line, a plausible interpretation is that G2_1408 is moderately evolved and contains sufficient gas and dust to attenuate the Lya emission before it reaches the intergalactic medium. Conclusions. The redshift confirmation of even the best z = 7 candidates is very hard to achieve (unless the Ly a or unusually strong rest-UV nebular emission lines are present) with the current generation of 8-10 m class telescopes. We show that both JWST and E-ELT are necessary to make decisive progresses. Currently, the increased redshift accuracy obtained with this kind of analysis makes ALMA an interesting option for the redshift confirmation.

A 52 hours VLT/FORS2 spectrum of a bright z~7 HUDF galaxy: no Ly-alpha emission / Vanzella E.; Fontana A.; Pentericci L.; Castellano M.; Grazian A.; Giavalisco M.; Nonino M.; Cristiani S.; Zamorani G.; Vignali C.. - In: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. - ISSN 0004-6361. - STAMPA. - 569:(2014), pp. A78-A78. [10.1051/0004-6361/201424285]

A 52 hours VLT/FORS2 spectrum of a bright z~7 HUDF galaxy: no Ly-alpha emission

VIGNALI, CRISTIAN
2014

Abstract

Aims. We aim to determine the redshift of GDS_1408, the most solid z similar to 7 galaxy candidate lying in the Hubble Ultra Deep Field. Methods. We have used all the VLT spectra for GDS_1408 that has been collected by two other groups with FORS2 at VLT and by us in the last five years for a total integration time of 52 h. The combined spectrum is the deepest ever obtained of a galaxy in the reionization epoch. Results. We do not detect any emission line or continuum up to 10 100 angstrom. Based on an accurate set of simulations, we are able to put a stringent upper limit of f (Lya) <3 x10(-1)8 erg/s/cm(2) at 3-9 sigma in the explored wavelength range, which corresponds to a rest-frame equivalent width EW < 9 angstrom Combining this limit with the spectral energy distribution (SED) modeling, we refine the redshift to be z = 6.82 +/- 0.1 (1-sigma). The same SED fitting indicates that GDS_1408 is relatively extinct (A(1600) similar or equal to 1) with a dust corrected starformation rate of =20 M yr(-1). The comparison between the un-attenuated equivalent width predicted by the case-B recombination eesffe theory and the observed upper limit provides a limit on the effective Ly a escape fraction of f (Ly alpha) < 8%. Even though we cannot rule out a major contribution of the inter/circum galactic medium in damping the line, a plausible interpretation is that G2_1408 is moderately evolved and contains sufficient gas and dust to attenuate the Lya emission before it reaches the intergalactic medium. Conclusions. The redshift confirmation of even the best z = 7 candidates is very hard to achieve (unless the Ly a or unusually strong rest-UV nebular emission lines are present) with the current generation of 8-10 m class telescopes. We show that both JWST and E-ELT are necessary to make decisive progresses. Currently, the increased redshift accuracy obtained with this kind of analysis makes ALMA an interesting option for the redshift confirmation.
2014
A 52 hours VLT/FORS2 spectrum of a bright z~7 HUDF galaxy: no Ly-alpha emission / Vanzella E.; Fontana A.; Pentericci L.; Castellano M.; Grazian A.; Giavalisco M.; Nonino M.; Cristiani S.; Zamorani G.; Vignali C.. - In: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. - ISSN 0004-6361. - STAMPA. - 569:(2014), pp. A78-A78. [10.1051/0004-6361/201424285]
Vanzella E.; Fontana A.; Pentericci L.; Castellano M.; Grazian A.; Giavalisco M.; Nonino M.; Cristiani S.; Zamorani G.; Vignali C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/398282
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