BACKGROUND: Renal disease is an increasingly recognized noninfectious comorbidity associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. METHODS: Our retrospective, cross-sectional study evaluated prevalence of nephropathy among HIV-infected patients followed up in our outpatient clinic during the year 2011. Renal dysfunction and chronic kidney disease (CKD) were defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <90 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) and as renal damage or eGFR <60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) over a 3-month or greater period, respectively. RESULTS: We enrolled 894 HIV-infected patients with a mean age of 44.2 years and a mean current CD4 lymphocyte count of 508 cells/mm(3). The prevalence of renal dysfunction and CKD was 27.4 and 21.3 %, respectively. Older age, male gender, hypertension, diabetes, proteinuria, hypertriglyceridemia, lower nadir CD4 cell count, current use of tenofovir or tenofovir plus a ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor were independently associated with renal dysfunction. CONCLUSION: Renal dysfunction is a frequent comorbidity among HIV-infected persons and requires a careful clinical and laboratory monitoring of renal function.

Prevalence of renal disease within an urban HIV-infected cohort in northern Italy.

CALZA, LEONARDO;MANFREDI, ROBERTO;VIALE, PIERLUIGI
2014

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Renal disease is an increasingly recognized noninfectious comorbidity associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. METHODS: Our retrospective, cross-sectional study evaluated prevalence of nephropathy among HIV-infected patients followed up in our outpatient clinic during the year 2011. Renal dysfunction and chronic kidney disease (CKD) were defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <90 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) and as renal damage or eGFR <60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) over a 3-month or greater period, respectively. RESULTS: We enrolled 894 HIV-infected patients with a mean age of 44.2 years and a mean current CD4 lymphocyte count of 508 cells/mm(3). The prevalence of renal dysfunction and CKD was 27.4 and 21.3 %, respectively. Older age, male gender, hypertension, diabetes, proteinuria, hypertriglyceridemia, lower nadir CD4 cell count, current use of tenofovir or tenofovir plus a ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor were independently associated with renal dysfunction. CONCLUSION: Renal dysfunction is a frequent comorbidity among HIV-infected persons and requires a careful clinical and laboratory monitoring of renal function.
Calza L; Vanino E; Magistrelli E; Salvadori C; Cascavilla A; Colangeli V; Di Bari MA; Manfredi R; Viale P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/398056
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