Cognitive reappraisal is a commonly used and highly adaptive strategy for emotion regulation that has been studied in healthy volunteers. Most studies to date have focused on forms of reappraisal that involve reinterpreting the meaning of stimuli and have intermixed social and non-social emotional stimuli. Here we examined the neural correlates of the regulation of negative emotion elicited by social situations using a less studied form of reappraisal known as distancing. Whole brain fMRI data were obtained as participants viewed aversive and neutral social scenes with instructions to either simply look at and respond naturally to the images or to downregulate their emotional responses by distancing. Three key findings were obtained accompanied with the reduced aversive response behaviorally. First, across both instruction types, aversive social images activated the amygdala. Second, across both image types, distancing activated the precuneus and posterior cingulate cortex (PCC), intraparietal sulci (IPS), and middle/superior temporal gyrus (M/STG). Third, when distancing one's self from aversive images, activity increased in dorsal anterior cingulate (dACC), medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), lateral prefrontal cortex, precuneus and PCC, IPS, and M/STG, meanwhile, and decreased in the amygdala. These findings demonstrate that distancing from aversive social cues modulates amygdala activity via engagement of networks implicated in social perception, perspective-taking, and attentional allocation.

Neural correlates of using distancing to regulate emotional responses to social situations / Harold W. Koenigsberg;Jin Fan;Kevin N. Ochsner;Xun Liu;Kevin Guise;Scott Pizzarello;Christine Dorantes;Lucia Tecuta;Stephanie Guerreri;Marianne Goodman;Antonia New;Janine Flory;Larry J. Siever. - In: NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA. - ISSN 0028-3932. - STAMPA. - 48:(2010), pp. 1813-1822. [10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.03.002]

Neural correlates of using distancing to regulate emotional responses to social situations

TECUTA, LUCIA;
2010

Abstract

Cognitive reappraisal is a commonly used and highly adaptive strategy for emotion regulation that has been studied in healthy volunteers. Most studies to date have focused on forms of reappraisal that involve reinterpreting the meaning of stimuli and have intermixed social and non-social emotional stimuli. Here we examined the neural correlates of the regulation of negative emotion elicited by social situations using a less studied form of reappraisal known as distancing. Whole brain fMRI data were obtained as participants viewed aversive and neutral social scenes with instructions to either simply look at and respond naturally to the images or to downregulate their emotional responses by distancing. Three key findings were obtained accompanied with the reduced aversive response behaviorally. First, across both instruction types, aversive social images activated the amygdala. Second, across both image types, distancing activated the precuneus and posterior cingulate cortex (PCC), intraparietal sulci (IPS), and middle/superior temporal gyrus (M/STG). Third, when distancing one's self from aversive images, activity increased in dorsal anterior cingulate (dACC), medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), lateral prefrontal cortex, precuneus and PCC, IPS, and M/STG, meanwhile, and decreased in the amygdala. These findings demonstrate that distancing from aversive social cues modulates amygdala activity via engagement of networks implicated in social perception, perspective-taking, and attentional allocation.
2010
Neural correlates of using distancing to regulate emotional responses to social situations / Harold W. Koenigsberg;Jin Fan;Kevin N. Ochsner;Xun Liu;Kevin Guise;Scott Pizzarello;Christine Dorantes;Lucia Tecuta;Stephanie Guerreri;Marianne Goodman;Antonia New;Janine Flory;Larry J. Siever. - In: NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA. - ISSN 0028-3932. - STAMPA. - 48:(2010), pp. 1813-1822. [10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.03.002]
Harold W. Koenigsberg;Jin Fan;Kevin N. Ochsner;Xun Liu;Kevin Guise;Scott Pizzarello;Christine Dorantes;Lucia Tecuta;Stephanie Guerreri;Marianne Goodman;Antonia New;Janine Flory;Larry J. Siever
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/397869
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