Two pairs of enantiomerically pure chiral bidentate nitrogen-donor ligands (N*-N) featuring one sp3 and one sp2 nitrogen atom have been applied to the CO/vinyl arene copolymerization reaction catalyzed by the corresponding monocationic palladium(II) complexes [Pd(CH3)(CH3CN)-(N*-N)][PF6]. The ligand fragment containing the sp2 nitrogen atom is a 2-pyridinyl or an 8-quinolinyl building block, while the chiral framework of the ligand derives from (S)-(+)-2,2’ -(2-azapropane-1,3-diyl)-1,1’-binaphthalene or from trans-2,5-dimethylpyrrolidinyl. Ligands with the binaphthyl moiety generate catalysts showing a moderate activity, while ligands having the pyrrolidinyl fragment result in very low activity species. The stereochemistry of the synthesized polyketones depends on the sp2 nitrogen-containing fragment: ligands with the 2-pyridinyl group lead to atactic copolymers, whereas those with the quinolinyl moiety give an isotactic polyketone. The effect of the nature of the quinone, added to the reaction mixture as oxidant, has been investigated. MALDI-TOF analysis reveals the formation of several polymeric chains, differing in the presence of various end-groups.

Application of Chiral Amine-Imine Ligands in Palladium-Catalyzed Polyketone Synthesis: Effect of Ligand Backbone on the Polymer Stereochemistry

CARFAGNA, CARLA;
2009

Abstract

Two pairs of enantiomerically pure chiral bidentate nitrogen-donor ligands (N*-N) featuring one sp3 and one sp2 nitrogen atom have been applied to the CO/vinyl arene copolymerization reaction catalyzed by the corresponding monocationic palladium(II) complexes [Pd(CH3)(CH3CN)-(N*-N)][PF6]. The ligand fragment containing the sp2 nitrogen atom is a 2-pyridinyl or an 8-quinolinyl building block, while the chiral framework of the ligand derives from (S)-(+)-2,2’ -(2-azapropane-1,3-diyl)-1,1’-binaphthalene or from trans-2,5-dimethylpyrrolidinyl. Ligands with the binaphthyl moiety generate catalysts showing a moderate activity, while ligands having the pyrrolidinyl fragment result in very low activity species. The stereochemistry of the synthesized polyketones depends on the sp2 nitrogen-containing fragment: ligands with the 2-pyridinyl group lead to atactic copolymers, whereas those with the quinolinyl moiety give an isotactic polyketone. The effect of the nature of the quinone, added to the reaction mixture as oxidant, has been investigated. MALDI-TOF analysis reveals the formation of several polymeric chains, differing in the presence of various end-groups.
2009
M. R. AXET; F. AMOROSO; G. BOTTARI; A. D'AMORA; E. ZANGRANDO; F. FARAONE; D. DROMMI; M. SAPORITA; C. CARFAGNA; P. NATANTI; R. SERAGLIA; B. MILANI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/394591
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