We develop a new high-resolution strati- graphic age model to unravel the contribu- tions of tectonic and climatic processes on early to late Pleistocene synorogenic growth strata. We capitalize on excellent, continuous exposures along the flank of the Po foreland in northern Italy to elucidate hydrologic, geo- morphic, and sedimentologic processes that are regularly attributed to, but rarely proven to be caused by, glacial-interglacial climatic changes and unsteady rock uplift. We per- form our analysis on the Enza section, a suc- cession of marine and terrestrial strata ex- posed along the Enza River, between Parma and Reggio Emilia, northern Italy. Bedding in the Enza section displays synorogenic growth strata geometry, with bedding dips that range from 2° to 55°, that becomes pro- gressively shallower upsection. We develop an age model that incorporates biostratig- raphy, magnetostratigraphy, rock-magnetic cyclostratigraphy, cosmogenic radionuclide burial dating, and optically stimulated lu- minescence dating and shows that the Enza section spans the interval between 0.04 and 1.65 Ma. Furthermore, the age model pins the time of deposition for several lithostrati- graphic units of regional significance and shows that sediment accumulation was un- steady, ranging from 14–31 cm/k.y. in the marine part of the section to 5–362 cm/k.y. in the overlying littoral and terrestrial part of the section. Unsteady deposition is most pronounced in the terrestrial deposits where thick fluvial gravel packages accumulated in short (~10–15 k.y.) time periods that coincide with Quaternary glacial intervals. There is direct evidence for a dominant tectonic con- trol in the older, marine part of the section. Here, sediment accumulation rates on the limb of the fold growing along this portion of the Northern Apennine mountain front show that between 1.07 and 1.65 Ma, repetitive progradation of neritic sand units directly followed pulses of rapid, punctuated uplift. In contrast, the cyclic terrestrial facies varia- tions in the Enza section reveal that once the section became emergent at ca. 1 Ma and up- lift slowed, climate was the dominant control on sediment production and deposition.

Gunderson, K.L., Pazzaglia, F.J., Vincenzo, P., Anastasio, D.A., Kodama, K.P., Tammy, R., et al. (2014). Unraveling tectonic and climatic controls on synorogenic growth strata (Northern Apennines, Italy). GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN, 126(3/4), 532-552 [10.1130/B30902.1].

Unraveling tectonic and climatic controls on synorogenic growth strata (Northern Apennines, Italy)

Vincenzo Picotti;Alessio Ponza;SABBATINI, ANNA
2014

Abstract

We develop a new high-resolution strati- graphic age model to unravel the contribu- tions of tectonic and climatic processes on early to late Pleistocene synorogenic growth strata. We capitalize on excellent, continuous exposures along the flank of the Po foreland in northern Italy to elucidate hydrologic, geo- morphic, and sedimentologic processes that are regularly attributed to, but rarely proven to be caused by, glacial-interglacial climatic changes and unsteady rock uplift. We per- form our analysis on the Enza section, a suc- cession of marine and terrestrial strata ex- posed along the Enza River, between Parma and Reggio Emilia, northern Italy. Bedding in the Enza section displays synorogenic growth strata geometry, with bedding dips that range from 2° to 55°, that becomes pro- gressively shallower upsection. We develop an age model that incorporates biostratig- raphy, magnetostratigraphy, rock-magnetic cyclostratigraphy, cosmogenic radionuclide burial dating, and optically stimulated lu- minescence dating and shows that the Enza section spans the interval between 0.04 and 1.65 Ma. Furthermore, the age model pins the time of deposition for several lithostrati- graphic units of regional significance and shows that sediment accumulation was un- steady, ranging from 14–31 cm/k.y. in the marine part of the section to 5–362 cm/k.y. in the overlying littoral and terrestrial part of the section. Unsteady deposition is most pronounced in the terrestrial deposits where thick fluvial gravel packages accumulated in short (~10–15 k.y.) time periods that coincide with Quaternary glacial intervals. There is direct evidence for a dominant tectonic con- trol in the older, marine part of the section. Here, sediment accumulation rates on the limb of the fold growing along this portion of the Northern Apennine mountain front show that between 1.07 and 1.65 Ma, repetitive progradation of neritic sand units directly followed pulses of rapid, punctuated uplift. In contrast, the cyclic terrestrial facies varia- tions in the Enza section reveal that once the section became emergent at ca. 1 Ma and up- lift slowed, climate was the dominant control on sediment production and deposition.
2014
Gunderson, K.L., Pazzaglia, F.J., Vincenzo, P., Anastasio, D.A., Kodama, K.P., Tammy, R., et al. (2014). Unraveling tectonic and climatic controls on synorogenic growth strata (Northern Apennines, Italy). GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN, 126(3/4), 532-552 [10.1130/B30902.1].
Gunderson, Kellen L.; Pazzaglia, Frank J.; Vincenzo, Picotti; Anastasio, David A.; Kodama, Kenneth P.; Tammy, Rittenour; Frankel, Kurt F.; Alessio, Po...espandi
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/393951
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 65
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 59
social impact