Inhibitor of NF-kappa B kinases beta (IKK beta) and alpha (IKK alpha) activate distinct NE-kappa B signaling modules. The IKK beta/canonical NF-kappa B pathway rapidly responds to stress-like conditions, whereas the IKK alpha/noncanonical pathway controls adaptive immunity. Moreover, IKK alpha can attenuate IKK beta-initiated inflammatory responses. High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a chromatin protein, is an extracellular signal of tissue damage-attracting cells in inflammation, tissue regeneration, and scar formation. We show that IKK alpha and IKK beta are each critically important for HMGB1-elicited chemotaxis of fibroblasts, macrophages, and neutrophils in vitro and neutrophils in vivo. By time-lapse microscopy we dissected different parameters of the HMGB1 migration response and found that IKK alpha and IKK beta are each essential to polarize cells toward HMGB1 and that each kinase also differentially affects cellular velocity in a time-dependent manner. In addition, HMGB1 modestly induces noncanonical IKK alpha-dependent p52 nuclear translocation and p52/RelB target gene expression. Akin to IKK alpha and IKK beta, p52 and RelB are also required for HMGB1 chemotaxis, and p52 is essential for cellular orientation toward an HMGB1 gradient. RAGE, a ubiquitously expressed HMGB1 receptor, is required for HMGB1 chemotaxis. Moreover, IKK beta, but not IKK alpha, is required for HMGB1 to induce RAGE mRNA, suggesting that RAGE is at least one IKK beta target involved in HMGB1 migration responses, and in accord with these results enforced RAGE expression rescues the HMGB1 migration defect of IKK beta, but not IKKa, null cells. Thus, proinflammatory HMGB1 chemotactic responses mechanistically require the differential collaboration of both IKK-dependent NF-kappa B signaling pathways.

Inhibitor of NF- B Kinases   and   Are Both Essential for High Mobility Group Box 1-Mediated Chemotaxis / M. Penzo;R. Molteni;T. Suda;S. Samaniego;A. Raucci;D. M. Habiel;F. Miller;H. p. Jiang;J. Li;R. Pardi;R. Palumbo;E. Olivotto;R. R. Kew;M. E. Bianchi;K. B. Marcu. - In: JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-1767. - STAMPA. - 184:(2010), pp. 4497-4509. [10.4049/jimmunol.0903131]

Inhibitor of NF- B Kinases   and   Are Both Essential for High Mobility Group Box 1-Mediated Chemotaxis

PENZO, MARIANNA;
2010

Abstract

Inhibitor of NF-kappa B kinases beta (IKK beta) and alpha (IKK alpha) activate distinct NE-kappa B signaling modules. The IKK beta/canonical NF-kappa B pathway rapidly responds to stress-like conditions, whereas the IKK alpha/noncanonical pathway controls adaptive immunity. Moreover, IKK alpha can attenuate IKK beta-initiated inflammatory responses. High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a chromatin protein, is an extracellular signal of tissue damage-attracting cells in inflammation, tissue regeneration, and scar formation. We show that IKK alpha and IKK beta are each critically important for HMGB1-elicited chemotaxis of fibroblasts, macrophages, and neutrophils in vitro and neutrophils in vivo. By time-lapse microscopy we dissected different parameters of the HMGB1 migration response and found that IKK alpha and IKK beta are each essential to polarize cells toward HMGB1 and that each kinase also differentially affects cellular velocity in a time-dependent manner. In addition, HMGB1 modestly induces noncanonical IKK alpha-dependent p52 nuclear translocation and p52/RelB target gene expression. Akin to IKK alpha and IKK beta, p52 and RelB are also required for HMGB1 chemotaxis, and p52 is essential for cellular orientation toward an HMGB1 gradient. RAGE, a ubiquitously expressed HMGB1 receptor, is required for HMGB1 chemotaxis. Moreover, IKK beta, but not IKK alpha, is required for HMGB1 to induce RAGE mRNA, suggesting that RAGE is at least one IKK beta target involved in HMGB1 migration responses, and in accord with these results enforced RAGE expression rescues the HMGB1 migration defect of IKK beta, but not IKKa, null cells. Thus, proinflammatory HMGB1 chemotactic responses mechanistically require the differential collaboration of both IKK-dependent NF-kappa B signaling pathways.
2010
Inhibitor of NF- B Kinases   and   Are Both Essential for High Mobility Group Box 1-Mediated Chemotaxis / M. Penzo;R. Molteni;T. Suda;S. Samaniego;A. Raucci;D. M. Habiel;F. Miller;H. p. Jiang;J. Li;R. Pardi;R. Palumbo;E. Olivotto;R. R. Kew;M. E. Bianchi;K. B. Marcu. - In: JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-1767. - STAMPA. - 184:(2010), pp. 4497-4509. [10.4049/jimmunol.0903131]
M. Penzo;R. Molteni;T. Suda;S. Samaniego;A. Raucci;D. M. Habiel;F. Miller;H. p. Jiang;J. Li;R. Pardi;R. Palumbo;E. Olivotto;R. R. Kew;M. E. Bianchi;K. B. Marcu
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/393835
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