The distinction established by Spinoza between philosophy and prophecy poses the question of the authority of the Scriptures. The notion of authority can be interpreted in two ways: either as an instrument used to encourage obedience, as is the case with the Old Testament, in which prophecy reveals the law (Moses), or as belief in the truth of the Scriptures. In both cases, Spinoza’s aim in the Tractatus theologico-politicus is to separate the norm of truth (the true idea) from authority. The first pertains to philosophy, the second to theology and morals. There is also a third candidate between true knowledge and religion: the teaching of the apostles, not mediated by any ex- terior law but by the pure Spirit of Christ, which promotes a universal ethics that is compatible with reason. However, the rift created by Christianity be- tween authority and truth will lead to doctrinal controversies, schisms and, ultimately, the rise of theology, with which the original distinction between prophecy and Christ’s message becomes vain.

Norma, segno, autorità. Spinoza interprete dei profeti / D. Donna. - In: DIANOIA. - ISSN 1125-1514. - STAMPA. - 19:(2014), pp. 183-201.

Norma, segno, autorità. Spinoza interprete dei profeti

DONNA, DIEGO
2014

Abstract

The distinction established by Spinoza between philosophy and prophecy poses the question of the authority of the Scriptures. The notion of authority can be interpreted in two ways: either as an instrument used to encourage obedience, as is the case with the Old Testament, in which prophecy reveals the law (Moses), or as belief in the truth of the Scriptures. In both cases, Spinoza’s aim in the Tractatus theologico-politicus is to separate the norm of truth (the true idea) from authority. The first pertains to philosophy, the second to theology and morals. There is also a third candidate between true knowledge and religion: the teaching of the apostles, not mediated by any ex- terior law but by the pure Spirit of Christ, which promotes a universal ethics that is compatible with reason. However, the rift created by Christianity be- tween authority and truth will lead to doctrinal controversies, schisms and, ultimately, the rise of theology, with which the original distinction between prophecy and Christ’s message becomes vain.
2014
Norma, segno, autorità. Spinoza interprete dei profeti / D. Donna. - In: DIANOIA. - ISSN 1125-1514. - STAMPA. - 19:(2014), pp. 183-201.
D. Donna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/393748
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