We present an approach to the design of distribution functions that depend on the phase- space coordinates through the action integrals. The approach makes it easy to construct a dynamical model of a given stellar component. We illustrate the approach by deriving distri- bution functions that self-consistently generate several popular stellar systems, including the Hernquist, Ja↵e and Navarro, Frenk and White models. We focus on non-rotating spherical systems, but extension to flattened and rotating systems is trivial. Our distribution functions are easily added to each other and to previously published distribution functions for discs to create self-consistent multi-component galaxies. The models this approach makes possible should prove valuable both for the interpretation of observational data and for exploring the non-equilibrium dynamics of galaxies via N-body simulations.

Action-based distribution functions for spheroidal galaxy components

POSTI, LORENZO;NIPOTI, CARLO;CIOTTI, LUCA
2015

Abstract

We present an approach to the design of distribution functions that depend on the phase- space coordinates through the action integrals. The approach makes it easy to construct a dynamical model of a given stellar component. We illustrate the approach by deriving distri- bution functions that self-consistently generate several popular stellar systems, including the Hernquist, Ja↵e and Navarro, Frenk and White models. We focus on non-rotating spherical systems, but extension to flattened and rotating systems is trivial. Our distribution functions are easily added to each other and to previously published distribution functions for discs to create self-consistent multi-component galaxies. The models this approach makes possible should prove valuable both for the interpretation of observational data and for exploring the non-equilibrium dynamics of galaxies via N-body simulations.
Posti L.; Binney J.; Nipoti C.; Ciotti L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/391148
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