Flash pyrolysis GC-MS (Py-GC-MS) was applied to the characterization of 35 biochars synthesized from switchgrass with a bench scale reactor at different temperatures (400-700 °C) and residence times (1-20 minutes). Py-GC-MS data were compared with the molar hydrogen to carbon ratios (H/C) taken as an index of the charring intensity along with other parameters. O/C ratios and biochar yields were directly correlated with H/C ratios, while ash, total carbon and pH were inversely correlated. A weak inverse correlation was found between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) concentrations and H/C. The intensity and variety of pyrolysis products in the pyrograms decreased with decreasing H/C ratios, so that pyrograms of highly carbonized biochars (H/C < 0.4) were principally characterized by benzene, pyrrole, toluene, C2-benzenes, benzonitrile, benzofuran, naphthalene, diphenyl, phenanthrene. These compounds were taken as representative of a highly carbonized, but thermally labile portion of biochar. Their relative abundance (% charred) with respect to pyrolysis products representative of weakly charred lignocelluloses was linearly correlated with H/C (R = +0.97). Good correlations were found between specific pyrolysis product ratios and H/C ratios. Four selected biochars were mixed with soil and subjected to short respiration rate experiments (220 days). Biochars with a moderate (H/C0.6) and high (H/C0.4) degree of carbonization produced different pyrograms, but exhibited the same degradation rates, with a much lower conversion into CO2 than the weakly carbonized sample (H/C1.5) characterized by a high proportion of hemicellulose/cellulose markers in the pyrolysate.

Evaluation of the thermal and environmental stability of switchgrass biochars by Py-GC-MS

CONTI, ROBERTO;ROMBOLA', ALESSANDRO GIROLAMO;MODELLI, ALBERTO;TORRI, CRISTIAN;FABBRI, DANIELE
2014

Abstract

Flash pyrolysis GC-MS (Py-GC-MS) was applied to the characterization of 35 biochars synthesized from switchgrass with a bench scale reactor at different temperatures (400-700 °C) and residence times (1-20 minutes). Py-GC-MS data were compared with the molar hydrogen to carbon ratios (H/C) taken as an index of the charring intensity along with other parameters. O/C ratios and biochar yields were directly correlated with H/C ratios, while ash, total carbon and pH were inversely correlated. A weak inverse correlation was found between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) concentrations and H/C. The intensity and variety of pyrolysis products in the pyrograms decreased with decreasing H/C ratios, so that pyrograms of highly carbonized biochars (H/C < 0.4) were principally characterized by benzene, pyrrole, toluene, C2-benzenes, benzonitrile, benzofuran, naphthalene, diphenyl, phenanthrene. These compounds were taken as representative of a highly carbonized, but thermally labile portion of biochar. Their relative abundance (% charred) with respect to pyrolysis products representative of weakly charred lignocelluloses was linearly correlated with H/C (R = +0.97). Good correlations were found between specific pyrolysis product ratios and H/C ratios. Four selected biochars were mixed with soil and subjected to short respiration rate experiments (220 days). Biochars with a moderate (H/C0.6) and high (H/C0.4) degree of carbonization produced different pyrograms, but exhibited the same degradation rates, with a much lower conversion into CO2 than the weakly carbonized sample (H/C1.5) characterized by a high proportion of hemicellulose/cellulose markers in the pyrolysate.
2014
R. Conti; A. G.Rombolà; A. Modelli; C. Torri; D. Fabbri
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/389274
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