Signal transduction by receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) and nuclear receptors for steroid hormones is essential for body homeostasis, but the cross-talk between these receptor families is poorly understood.We observed that glucocorticoids inhibit signalling downstream of EGFR, an RTK. The underlying mechanism entails suppression of EGFR’s positive feedback loops and simultaneous triggering of negative feedback loops that normally restrain EGFR. Our studies in mice reveal that the regulation of EGFR’s feedback loops by glucocorticoids translates to circadian control of EGFR signalling: EGFR signals are suppressed by high glucocorticoids during the active phase (night-time in rodents), while EGFR signals are enhanced during the resting phase. Consistent with this pattern, treatment of animals bearing EGFR-driven tumours with a specific kinase inhibitor was more effective if administered during the resting phase of the day, when glucocorticoids are low. These findings support a circadian clock-based paradigm in cancer therapy. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6073 OPEN 1

Diurnal suppression of EGFR signalling by glucocorticoids and implications for tumour progression and treatment.

LAURIOLA, MATTIA;D'UVA, GABRIELE MATTEO;SOLMI, ROSSELLA;
2014

Abstract

Signal transduction by receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) and nuclear receptors for steroid hormones is essential for body homeostasis, but the cross-talk between these receptor families is poorly understood.We observed that glucocorticoids inhibit signalling downstream of EGFR, an RTK. The underlying mechanism entails suppression of EGFR’s positive feedback loops and simultaneous triggering of negative feedback loops that normally restrain EGFR. Our studies in mice reveal that the regulation of EGFR’s feedback loops by glucocorticoids translates to circadian control of EGFR signalling: EGFR signals are suppressed by high glucocorticoids during the active phase (night-time in rodents), while EGFR signals are enhanced during the resting phase. Consistent with this pattern, treatment of animals bearing EGFR-driven tumours with a specific kinase inhibitor was more effective if administered during the resting phase of the day, when glucocorticoids are low. These findings support a circadian clock-based paradigm in cancer therapy. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6073 OPEN 1
Lauriola M; Enuka Y; Zeisel A; D'Uva G; Roth L; Sharon-Sevilla M; Lindzen M; Sharma K; Nevo N; Feldman M; Carvalho S; Cohen-Dvashi H; Kedmi M; Ben-Chetrit N; Chen A; Solmi R; Wiemann S; Schmitt F; Domany E; Yarden Y.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/388179
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