PURPOSE: To construct and validate among patients with multiple myeloma (MM) who were treated with intensive therapy a prognostic index of early MM progression-related death. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patient-level data from the Intergroupe Francophone du Myélome (IFM) 2005-01 trial (N = 482) were used to construct the prognostic index. The event was MM progression-related death within 2 years from treatment initiation. The index was validated using data from three other trials: the Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche dell' Adulto (GIMEMA) 26866138-MMY-3006 trial (N = 480), the Programa para el Estudio de la Terapéutica en Hemopatía Maligna (PETHEMA)-GEMMENOS65 trial (N = 390), and the Hemato-Oncologie voor Volwassenen Nederland (HOVON) -65/German-Speaking Myeloma Multicenter Group (GMMG) -HD4 trial (N = 827). RESULTS: The risk of early MM progression-related death was related to three independent prognostic variables: lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) higher than than normal, International Staging System 3 (ISS3), and adverse cytogenetics [t(4;14) and/or del(17p)]. These three variables enabled the definition of an ordinal prognostic classification composed of four scores (0 to 3). Patients with a score of 3, defined by the presence of t(4;14) and/or del(17p) in addition to ISS3 and/or high LDH, comprised 5% (20 of 387 patients) to 8% (94 of 1,139 patients) of the patients in the learning and validation samples, respectively, and they had a very poor prognosis. When applied to the population of 855 patients who had received bortezomib-based induction therapy in the four trials, the prognostic classification was also able to segregate patients into four categories, with a very poor prognosis attributed to patients with a score of 3. CONCLUSION: Our model allows the simple definition of a subgroup of MM patients at high risk of early MM progression-related death despite the use of the most modern and effective strategies.

Combination of international scoring system 3, high lactate dehydrogenase, and t(4;14) and/or del(17p) identifies patients with multiple myeloma (MM) treated with front-line autologous stem-cell transplantation at high risk of early MM progression-related death.

CAVO, MICHELE;PEZZI, ANNALISA;ZAMAGNI, ELENA;
2014

Abstract

PURPOSE: To construct and validate among patients with multiple myeloma (MM) who were treated with intensive therapy a prognostic index of early MM progression-related death. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patient-level data from the Intergroupe Francophone du Myélome (IFM) 2005-01 trial (N = 482) were used to construct the prognostic index. The event was MM progression-related death within 2 years from treatment initiation. The index was validated using data from three other trials: the Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche dell' Adulto (GIMEMA) 26866138-MMY-3006 trial (N = 480), the Programa para el Estudio de la Terapéutica en Hemopatía Maligna (PETHEMA)-GEMMENOS65 trial (N = 390), and the Hemato-Oncologie voor Volwassenen Nederland (HOVON) -65/German-Speaking Myeloma Multicenter Group (GMMG) -HD4 trial (N = 827). RESULTS: The risk of early MM progression-related death was related to three independent prognostic variables: lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) higher than than normal, International Staging System 3 (ISS3), and adverse cytogenetics [t(4;14) and/or del(17p)]. These three variables enabled the definition of an ordinal prognostic classification composed of four scores (0 to 3). Patients with a score of 3, defined by the presence of t(4;14) and/or del(17p) in addition to ISS3 and/or high LDH, comprised 5% (20 of 387 patients) to 8% (94 of 1,139 patients) of the patients in the learning and validation samples, respectively, and they had a very poor prognosis. When applied to the population of 855 patients who had received bortezomib-based induction therapy in the four trials, the prognostic classification was also able to segregate patients into four categories, with a very poor prognosis attributed to patients with a score of 3. CONCLUSION: Our model allows the simple definition of a subgroup of MM patients at high risk of early MM progression-related death despite the use of the most modern and effective strategies.
2014
Moreau, P; Cavo, M; Sonneveld, P; Rosinol, L; Attal, M; Pezzi, A; Goldschmidt, H; Lahuerta, Jj; Marit, G; Palumbo, A; van der Holt, B; Bladé, J; Petrucci, Mt; Neben, K; san Miguel, J; Patriarca, F; Lokhorst, H; Zamagni, E; Hulin, C; Gutierrez, N; Facon, T; Caillot, D; Benboubker, L; Harousseau, Jl; Leleu, X; Avet-Loiseau, H; Mary, Jy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/385076
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