Beach nourishment is one of the worldwide most common soft shore protection methods. However, the design of these projects is usually based on empirical equations and rules, leaving large margins of error regarding their expected efficiency. In the present work, an advanced wave and sediment transport numerical model is developed and tested in the evaluation of beach nourishment. Non-linear wave transformation in the surf and swash zone is computed by a non-linear breaking wave model based on the higher order Boussinesq equations, for breaking and non-breaking waves. The new Camenen and Larson (2007), transport rate formula for non-cohesive sediments (involving unsteady aspects of the sand transport phenomenon) is adopted for estimating the sheet flow sediment transport rates, as well as the bed load and suspended load over ripples. Suspended sediment transport rate is incorporated by solving the 2DH depth-integrated transport equation. Model results are compared with experimental data of both profile (cross-shore) and planform morphology evolution; the agreement between the two is considered to be quite satisfactory.

Soft shore protection methods: The use of advanced numerical models in the evaluation of beach nourishment

SAMARAS, ACHILLEAS
2014

Abstract

Beach nourishment is one of the worldwide most common soft shore protection methods. However, the design of these projects is usually based on empirical equations and rules, leaving large margins of error regarding their expected efficiency. In the present work, an advanced wave and sediment transport numerical model is developed and tested in the evaluation of beach nourishment. Non-linear wave transformation in the surf and swash zone is computed by a non-linear breaking wave model based on the higher order Boussinesq equations, for breaking and non-breaking waves. The new Camenen and Larson (2007), transport rate formula for non-cohesive sediments (involving unsteady aspects of the sand transport phenomenon) is adopted for estimating the sheet flow sediment transport rates, as well as the bed load and suspended load over ripples. Suspended sediment transport rate is incorporated by solving the 2DH depth-integrated transport equation. Model results are compared with experimental data of both profile (cross-shore) and planform morphology evolution; the agreement between the two is considered to be quite satisfactory.
Theofanis V. Karambas; Achilleas G. Samaras
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/379062
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