BACKGROUND: Current literature provides limited data on the hemodynamic changes that may occur during bi-level continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) support in preterm infants. However, the application of a positive end-expiratory pressure may be transmitted to the heart and the great vessels resulting in changes of central blood flow. OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in central blood flow in infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) during bi-level CPAP support. DESIGN: A prospective study was performed in a cohort of 18 Very-Low-Birth-Weight Infants who were put on nasal CPAP support (4-5 cmH2O) because they developed RDS within the first 24-72 hours of life. Each subject was switched to bi-level CPAP support (Phigh 8 cmH2O, Plow 4-5 cmH2O, Thigh 0.5-0.6 seconds, 20 breaths/min) for an hour. An echocardiographic study and a capillary gas analysis were performed before and after the change of respiratory support. RESULTS: No differences between n-CPAP and bi-level CPAP in left ventricular output (LVO, 222.17 ± 81.4 vs 211.4 ± 75.3 ml/kg/min), right ventricular output (RVO, 287.8 ± 96 vs 283.4 ± 87.4 ml/kg/min) and superior vena cava flow (SVC, 135.38 ± 47.8 vs 137.48 ± 46.6 ml/kg/min) were observed. The hemodynamic characteristics of the ductus arteriosus were similar. A significant decrease in pCO2 levels after bi-level CPAP ventilation was observed; pCO2 variations did not correlate with modifications of central blood flow (LVO: ρ=0.11, p=0,657; RVO: ρ=-0.307, p=0.216; SVC: ρ=-0.13, p=0.197). CONCLUSIONS: Central blood flow doesn't change during bi-level CPAP support, which could become a hemodinamically safe tool for the treatment of RDS in preterm infants.

Bi-level CPAP does not change central blood flow in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome

AQUILANO, GIULIA;GALLETTI, SILVIA;ACETI, ARIANNA;VITALI, FRANCESCA;FALDELLA, GIACOMO
2014

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Current literature provides limited data on the hemodynamic changes that may occur during bi-level continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) support in preterm infants. However, the application of a positive end-expiratory pressure may be transmitted to the heart and the great vessels resulting in changes of central blood flow. OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in central blood flow in infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) during bi-level CPAP support. DESIGN: A prospective study was performed in a cohort of 18 Very-Low-Birth-Weight Infants who were put on nasal CPAP support (4-5 cmH2O) because they developed RDS within the first 24-72 hours of life. Each subject was switched to bi-level CPAP support (Phigh 8 cmH2O, Plow 4-5 cmH2O, Thigh 0.5-0.6 seconds, 20 breaths/min) for an hour. An echocardiographic study and a capillary gas analysis were performed before and after the change of respiratory support. RESULTS: No differences between n-CPAP and bi-level CPAP in left ventricular output (LVO, 222.17 ± 81.4 vs 211.4 ± 75.3 ml/kg/min), right ventricular output (RVO, 287.8 ± 96 vs 283.4 ± 87.4 ml/kg/min) and superior vena cava flow (SVC, 135.38 ± 47.8 vs 137.48 ± 46.6 ml/kg/min) were observed. The hemodynamic characteristics of the ductus arteriosus were similar. A significant decrease in pCO2 levels after bi-level CPAP ventilation was observed; pCO2 variations did not correlate with modifications of central blood flow (LVO: ρ=0.11, p=0,657; RVO: ρ=-0.307, p=0.216; SVC: ρ=-0.13, p=0.197). CONCLUSIONS: Central blood flow doesn't change during bi-level CPAP support, which could become a hemodinamically safe tool for the treatment of RDS in preterm infants.
Giulia Aquilano;Silvia Galletti;Arianna Aceti;Francesca Vitali;Giacomo Faldella
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/373324
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact