Tractor accidents represent a key issue for safety in agriculture because tractor is the leading cause of dead in farming due to both its widespread use and the high number of rollovers per year. To estimate the impact of these events statistical studies are considerably important. The availability and reliability of data, in particular, are essential to understand the problem and its causes, and therefore to devise strategies to reduce risks for agricultural operators. Such an intensely agricultural country as Italy is definitely a case of great interest in this type of research especially since in recent years, as in other European countries, there has been the approach to complement the institutions collecting data for insurance purposes with observatories monitoring injuries. The comparison of data from different sources and the assessment of their level of reliability becomes important for the type of information required in order to choose the most suitable. A critical approach is particularly appropriate in evaluating tractor rollover accidents; in fact, official statistics related to work insurance are in Italy, as well as in many European countries, coded according to the European Statistics on Accidents at Work (ESAW) methodology that does not provide a precise definition of the dynamics of the rollover accidents thus making it very difficult to assess the event. Furthermore it does not details the existence of the protection devices, rollover protection structures and seat belts, and their correct installation when the accident occurred. In addition tractor rollover concerns largely retired and hobbyists who are neglected by the estimates related to insurance coverage. The different databases have different objectives and, consequently, different data, and none covers the full range of accidents necessary for a complete characterization of the issue, focusing mainly on matters of interest to the institutions that have created them. So combining data from different sources is necessary to obtain basic information such as the percentage of overturn fatalities compared to total tractor overturns. Thus the goal of the work was to evaluate the data contained in Italian accidents archives. The results allowed to suggest a methodology for comparing information from different sources and to provide a procedure that can be useful for any country adopting a data collection system based on the combination of insurance institutions and observatories.

A CRITICAL EVALUATION OF DATA COLLECTION ON TRACTOR ROLLOVER ACCIDENTS IN ITALY

CASAZZA, CAMILLA;RONDELLI, VALDA;MARTELLI, ROBERTA
2014

Abstract

Tractor accidents represent a key issue for safety in agriculture because tractor is the leading cause of dead in farming due to both its widespread use and the high number of rollovers per year. To estimate the impact of these events statistical studies are considerably important. The availability and reliability of data, in particular, are essential to understand the problem and its causes, and therefore to devise strategies to reduce risks for agricultural operators. Such an intensely agricultural country as Italy is definitely a case of great interest in this type of research especially since in recent years, as in other European countries, there has been the approach to complement the institutions collecting data for insurance purposes with observatories monitoring injuries. The comparison of data from different sources and the assessment of their level of reliability becomes important for the type of information required in order to choose the most suitable. A critical approach is particularly appropriate in evaluating tractor rollover accidents; in fact, official statistics related to work insurance are in Italy, as well as in many European countries, coded according to the European Statistics on Accidents at Work (ESAW) methodology that does not provide a precise definition of the dynamics of the rollover accidents thus making it very difficult to assess the event. Furthermore it does not details the existence of the protection devices, rollover protection structures and seat belts, and their correct installation when the accident occurred. In addition tractor rollover concerns largely retired and hobbyists who are neglected by the estimates related to insurance coverage. The different databases have different objectives and, consequently, different data, and none covers the full range of accidents necessary for a complete characterization of the issue, focusing mainly on matters of interest to the institutions that have created them. So combining data from different sources is necessary to obtain basic information such as the percentage of overturn fatalities compared to total tractor overturns. Thus the goal of the work was to evaluate the data contained in Italian accidents archives. The results allowed to suggest a methodology for comparing information from different sources and to provide a procedure that can be useful for any country adopting a data collection system based on the combination of insurance institutions and observatories.
International Conference of Agricultural Engineering - AgEng 2014 Zurich
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Camilla Casazza; Valda Rondelli; Roberta Martelli
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/372121
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