The state of art of the chemical, spectroscopic and structural characterization of platinum carbonyl clusters is reviewed. We begin by enlightening the fundamental contribution given to this chemistry of two great scientists: Paolo Chini and Larry Dahl, two without equal maestros of science and life. We then focus the main body of this review on the challenge represented by studying molecular ions already belonging to the nano regime by size almost 50 years ago, and the challenges their chemistry continues to present also nowadays. In detail, the possible reasons which enable the [Pt-3n (CO)(6n) ](2-) oligomers to grow up to n = 10, and why the oligomers with n > 5 may self-assemble in infinite molecular conductor wires are suggested. The interplay between the CO/Pt-surface ratios and electronic effects in driving the platinum cluster from pseudo one- to tri-dimensional globular structures, often representing chunks of the fcc metal lattice or interpenetrated pentagonal prisms and icosahedra, is examined by means of two significant examples. The nanocapacitor behavior of most high-nuclearity carbonyl clusters is briefly recalled and is confirmed by most recent results. The size-induced transition of their metal kernels from insulator to semiconductor and the expected consequences of their eventual transition to a metallic state are also discussed. Finally, we conclude by commenting the present lack of Pt cluster interstitially lodging a main group element and not yet quantitatively-assessed aggregation phenomena in solution, perhaps peculiar of ionic salts of carbonyl clusters, which could make undetectable the NMR signal of any spin-active nuclei beyond a cluster nuclearity of ca. 20-25.

Platinum Carbonyl Clusters Chemistry: Four Decades of Challenging Nanoscience / Iacopo Ciabatti;Cristina Femoni;Maria Carmela Iapalucci;Giuliano Longoni;Stefano Zacchini. - In: JOURNAL OF CLUSTER SCIENCE. - ISSN 1040-7278. - STAMPA. - 25:(2014), pp. 115-146. [10.1007/s10876-013-0639-3]

Platinum Carbonyl Clusters Chemistry: Four Decades of Challenging Nanoscience

CIABATTI, IACOPO;FEMONI, CRISTINA;IAPALUCCI, MARIA CARMELA;LONGONI, GIULIANO;ZACCHINI, STEFANO
2014

Abstract

The state of art of the chemical, spectroscopic and structural characterization of platinum carbonyl clusters is reviewed. We begin by enlightening the fundamental contribution given to this chemistry of two great scientists: Paolo Chini and Larry Dahl, two without equal maestros of science and life. We then focus the main body of this review on the challenge represented by studying molecular ions already belonging to the nano regime by size almost 50 years ago, and the challenges their chemistry continues to present also nowadays. In detail, the possible reasons which enable the [Pt-3n (CO)(6n) ](2-) oligomers to grow up to n = 10, and why the oligomers with n > 5 may self-assemble in infinite molecular conductor wires are suggested. The interplay between the CO/Pt-surface ratios and electronic effects in driving the platinum cluster from pseudo one- to tri-dimensional globular structures, often representing chunks of the fcc metal lattice or interpenetrated pentagonal prisms and icosahedra, is examined by means of two significant examples. The nanocapacitor behavior of most high-nuclearity carbonyl clusters is briefly recalled and is confirmed by most recent results. The size-induced transition of their metal kernels from insulator to semiconductor and the expected consequences of their eventual transition to a metallic state are also discussed. Finally, we conclude by commenting the present lack of Pt cluster interstitially lodging a main group element and not yet quantitatively-assessed aggregation phenomena in solution, perhaps peculiar of ionic salts of carbonyl clusters, which could make undetectable the NMR signal of any spin-active nuclei beyond a cluster nuclearity of ca. 20-25.
2014
Platinum Carbonyl Clusters Chemistry: Four Decades of Challenging Nanoscience / Iacopo Ciabatti;Cristina Femoni;Maria Carmela Iapalucci;Giuliano Longoni;Stefano Zacchini. - In: JOURNAL OF CLUSTER SCIENCE. - ISSN 1040-7278. - STAMPA. - 25:(2014), pp. 115-146. [10.1007/s10876-013-0639-3]
Iacopo Ciabatti;Cristina Femoni;Maria Carmela Iapalucci;Giuliano Longoni;Stefano Zacchini
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/369326
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