Down syndrome critical region gene 1-like 2 (DSCR1L2) belongs to the human DSCR1-like gene family, which also includes DSCR1 and DSCR1L1. Both DSCR1 and DSCR1L1 proteins interact with calcineurin, a calcium/calmodulin-dependent phosphatase. To date, no interactor has been described for DSCR1L2. The aim of this work was to perform a first functional study of DSCR1L2 using yeast two-hybrid analysis conducted on a human heart cDNA library. Here, we report the interaction between DSCR1L2 and the human cardiac troponin I (TNNI3), the heart-specific inhibitory subunit of the troponin complex, a central component of the contractile apparatus. This interaction was confirmed by both yeast cotransformation and GST (glutathione-sepharose transferase) fusion protein assay. Moreover, a new DSCR1L2 mRNA isoform, generated by alternative splicing, was identified and cloned in different tissues: it lacks two central exons, encoding the most conserved domains among the DSCR1-like protein family. A quantitative relative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay showed that in heart tissue the normalized expression level ratio for DSCR1L2 and DSCR1L2-E2E5 mRNA isoforms is 3.5 : 1, respectively. The yeast cotransformation and GST fusion protein assay demonstrated the interaction between this new DSCR1L2 variant and the human cardiac troponin I and the prominent role of DSCR1L2 exon 2 in determining binding between both DSCR1L2 isoforms and TNNI3. These data indicate an entirely new role for a DSCR1-like family gene, suggesting a possible involvement of DSCR1L2 in cardiac contraction.

Proteins encoded by human Down syndrome critical region gene 1-like 2 (DSCR1L2) mRNA and by a novel DSCR1L2 mRNA isoform interact with cardiac troponin I (TNNI3)

CANAIDER, SILVIA;FACCHIN, FEDERICA;GRIFFONI, CRISTIANA;CASADEI, RAFFAELLA;VITALE, LORENZA;LENZI, LUCA;FRABETTI, FLAVIA;CARINCI, PAOLO;ZANNOTTI, MARIA;STRIPPOLI, PIERLUIGI
2006

Abstract

Down syndrome critical region gene 1-like 2 (DSCR1L2) belongs to the human DSCR1-like gene family, which also includes DSCR1 and DSCR1L1. Both DSCR1 and DSCR1L1 proteins interact with calcineurin, a calcium/calmodulin-dependent phosphatase. To date, no interactor has been described for DSCR1L2. The aim of this work was to perform a first functional study of DSCR1L2 using yeast two-hybrid analysis conducted on a human heart cDNA library. Here, we report the interaction between DSCR1L2 and the human cardiac troponin I (TNNI3), the heart-specific inhibitory subunit of the troponin complex, a central component of the contractile apparatus. This interaction was confirmed by both yeast cotransformation and GST (glutathione-sepharose transferase) fusion protein assay. Moreover, a new DSCR1L2 mRNA isoform, generated by alternative splicing, was identified and cloned in different tissues: it lacks two central exons, encoding the most conserved domains among the DSCR1-like protein family. A quantitative relative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay showed that in heart tissue the normalized expression level ratio for DSCR1L2 and DSCR1L2-E2E5 mRNA isoforms is 3.5 : 1, respectively. The yeast cotransformation and GST fusion protein assay demonstrated the interaction between this new DSCR1L2 variant and the human cardiac troponin I and the prominent role of DSCR1L2 exon 2 in determining binding between both DSCR1L2 isoforms and TNNI3. These data indicate an entirely new role for a DSCR1-like family gene, suggesting a possible involvement of DSCR1L2 in cardiac contraction.
Canaider S; Facchin F; Griffoni C; Casadei R; Vitale L; Lenzi L; Frabetti F; D'Addabbo P; Carinci P; Zannotti M; Strippoli P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/33631
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