BACKGROUND: Chronic oral anticoagulation is currently used to avoid thrombosis and the malfunction of tunneled cuffed catheters (TCCs) for hemodialysis (HD). The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of early warfarin administration, after TCC placement, in comparison to its administration after the first thrombosis or malfunction event of the TCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-four chronic dialysis patients, who underwent TCC placement between June 2001 and June 2005, were randomized into two groups: 81 patients, group A, started oral anticoagulation 12 hr after the TCC placement (target international normalized ratio (INR) 1.8-2.5), in association with ticlopidine 250 mg/die; 63 patients, group B, started warfarin after the first thrombosis/malfunction episode (target INR 1.8-2.5) in association with ticlopidine 250 mg/die. The efficacy of oral anticoagulation therapy in preventing TCC thrombotic complications was evaluated in a 12-month follow-up period, after TCC placement, in terms of: a) the number of patients with thrombotic-malfunction events; b) the number of thrombotic-malfunction events with urokinase infusion (events/patient/year); c) intradialytic blood flow rate (BFR, ml/min); d) negative blood pressure (BP) from the arterial line of the TCC (AP, mmHg); e) positive BP, in the extracorporeal circuit from the venous line (VP, mmHg); and f) bleeding complications. RESULTS: Ten patients (12%) in group A showed TCC thrombosis/malfunction vs. 33 patients (52%) in group B (p < 0.01). In group A, 0.16 events of thrombosis/malfunction per patient/year vs. 1.65 in group B (p < 0.001) were ob-served. BFR was respectively 305 +/- 34 vs. 246 +/- 42 ml/min (p < 0.001). AP was -124 +/- 13 in group A vs. -174 +/- 21 mmHg in group B (p < 0.05). VP was 112 +/- 28 in group A vs. 168 +/- 41 mmHg in group B (p < 0.05). No patient showed any bleeding events. CONCLUSIONS: Early warfarin therapy allows a significant reduction in TCC thrombotic complications and an improvement in both arterial and venous fluxes in comparison with the same therapy administered after the first TCC thrombotic/malfunction event. This therapy did not induce any bleeding complications in the patients included in the study.

Anticoagulation therapy for the prevention of hemodialysis tunneled cuffed catheters (TCC) thrombosis.

COLI', LUIGI;DONATI, GABRIELE;CIANCIOLO, GIUSEPPE;RAIMONDI, CONCETTINA;COMAI, GIORGIA;PANICALI, LAURA;NASTASI, VALENTINA;CANNARILE, DANIELA CECILIA;GOZZETTI, FRANCESCO;PICCARI, MATTEO;STEFONI, SERGIO
2006

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chronic oral anticoagulation is currently used to avoid thrombosis and the malfunction of tunneled cuffed catheters (TCCs) for hemodialysis (HD). The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of early warfarin administration, after TCC placement, in comparison to its administration after the first thrombosis or malfunction event of the TCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-four chronic dialysis patients, who underwent TCC placement between June 2001 and June 2005, were randomized into two groups: 81 patients, group A, started oral anticoagulation 12 hr after the TCC placement (target international normalized ratio (INR) 1.8-2.5), in association with ticlopidine 250 mg/die; 63 patients, group B, started warfarin after the first thrombosis/malfunction episode (target INR 1.8-2.5) in association with ticlopidine 250 mg/die. The efficacy of oral anticoagulation therapy in preventing TCC thrombotic complications was evaluated in a 12-month follow-up period, after TCC placement, in terms of: a) the number of patients with thrombotic-malfunction events; b) the number of thrombotic-malfunction events with urokinase infusion (events/patient/year); c) intradialytic blood flow rate (BFR, ml/min); d) negative blood pressure (BP) from the arterial line of the TCC (AP, mmHg); e) positive BP, in the extracorporeal circuit from the venous line (VP, mmHg); and f) bleeding complications. RESULTS: Ten patients (12%) in group A showed TCC thrombosis/malfunction vs. 33 patients (52%) in group B (p < 0.01). In group A, 0.16 events of thrombosis/malfunction per patient/year vs. 1.65 in group B (p < 0.001) were ob-served. BFR was respectively 305 +/- 34 vs. 246 +/- 42 ml/min (p < 0.001). AP was -124 +/- 13 in group A vs. -174 +/- 21 mmHg in group B (p < 0.05). VP was 112 +/- 28 in group A vs. 168 +/- 41 mmHg in group B (p < 0.05). No patient showed any bleeding events. CONCLUSIONS: Early warfarin therapy allows a significant reduction in TCC thrombotic complications and an improvement in both arterial and venous fluxes in comparison with the same therapy administered after the first TCC thrombotic/malfunction event. This therapy did not induce any bleeding complications in the patients included in the study.
Coli L; Donati G; Cianciolo G; Raimondi C; Comai G; Panicali L; Nastasi V; Cannarile DC; Gozzetti F; Piccari M; Stefoni S.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/33450
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 11
  • Scopus 48
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact