The drywood termite Kalotermes sinaicus Kemner was described in 1932, based on the observation of five soldiers collected in the north-east of Sinai (Egypt). No description of the alate exists in the literature. The species is known to occur also in Israel. We analyse from the morphological and the genetic point of view (partial COII, 16S, and 18S sequences) nine K. sinaicus samples collected in five Israeli localities, in order to provide data for a better definition of the species. Important morphological differences exist between K. sinaicus and other Kalotermes species. In particular, the wing venation of K. sinaicus alates is not compatible with that of Kalotermes and is similar to that of a group of genera including Paraneotermes, Comatermes, and Ceratokalotermes. From the genetic point of view, K. sinaicus is quite different from the species in the genus Kalotermes, with distances comparable to inter-genera distances. These morphological and genetic characters indicate that K. sinaicus should be excluded from the genus Kalotermes. Because these characters do not correspond to those of any existing genus, we describe it as a new genus: Longicaputermes gen. nov.

Kalotermes sinaicus Kemner (Isoptera, Kalotermitidae): new morphological and genetic evidence, and assignment to the new genus Longicaputermes gen. nov / S. Ghesini; D. Simon; M. Marini. - In: INSECTES SOCIAUX. - ISSN 0020-1812. - STAMPA. - 61:(2014), pp. 123-131. [10.1007/s00040-013-0335-1]

Kalotermes sinaicus Kemner (Isoptera, Kalotermitidae): new morphological and genetic evidence, and assignment to the new genus Longicaputermes gen. nov

GHESINI, SILVIA;MARINI, MARIO
2014

Abstract

The drywood termite Kalotermes sinaicus Kemner was described in 1932, based on the observation of five soldiers collected in the north-east of Sinai (Egypt). No description of the alate exists in the literature. The species is known to occur also in Israel. We analyse from the morphological and the genetic point of view (partial COII, 16S, and 18S sequences) nine K. sinaicus samples collected in five Israeli localities, in order to provide data for a better definition of the species. Important morphological differences exist between K. sinaicus and other Kalotermes species. In particular, the wing venation of K. sinaicus alates is not compatible with that of Kalotermes and is similar to that of a group of genera including Paraneotermes, Comatermes, and Ceratokalotermes. From the genetic point of view, K. sinaicus is quite different from the species in the genus Kalotermes, with distances comparable to inter-genera distances. These morphological and genetic characters indicate that K. sinaicus should be excluded from the genus Kalotermes. Because these characters do not correspond to those of any existing genus, we describe it as a new genus: Longicaputermes gen. nov.
2014
Kalotermes sinaicus Kemner (Isoptera, Kalotermitidae): new morphological and genetic evidence, and assignment to the new genus Longicaputermes gen. nov / S. Ghesini; D. Simon; M. Marini. - In: INSECTES SOCIAUX. - ISSN 0020-1812. - STAMPA. - 61:(2014), pp. 123-131. [10.1007/s00040-013-0335-1]
S. Ghesini; D. Simon; M. Marini
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/294721
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