The effects of water-borne exposure to benzo[a]pyrene (36 hrs; celite-bound 0.44 mg L-1 B[a]P) on cytochrome P450 (CYP) and superoxide dismutases (SODs) were examined in digestive gland of the blood clam, Scapharca inaequivalvis. B[a]P accumulation and elimination were rapid, with maximum whole-body concentrations of 1.78 ng g-1 wet wt. after 12 hours of treatment, followed by a progressive decline to 0.89 ng g-1 at 36 hours. The presence of B[a]P resulted in an increase in total CYP of digestive gland microsomes from 54 ± 14 to 108 ± 21 pmol mg-1 protein (mean ± SD; p<0.05, 24 hrs). Increases were also seen in microsomal CYP1A1/1A2-immunopositive protein (50.5 kDa app. mol. wt; p<0.05), but not CYP2E1-immunopositive protein (49 kDa app. mol. wt.), indicating a specific response of the former isoform. Exposure to B[a]P produced a steady increase in Mn-SOD digestive gland activity (p<0.01; p<0.05) but no significant change in Cu/Zn-SOD activity. The respective proteins, measured by western blotting, weren’t significant induced after B[a]P exposure. Cu/Zn-SOD and Mn-SOD activities were correlated with total CYP levels (r = 0.96 and 0.63, respectively), indicating a role for CYP in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production during exposure. Both 'NADPH-independent' and NADPH-dependent metabolism of B[a]P by digestive gland microsomes was seen, producing mainly 1,6-, 3,6- and 6,12-diones, with some phenols and 7,8-dihydrodiol; putative protein adducts were also formed. Redox cycling of the diones may also have contributed to ROS production, leading to the increased SOD activities.

Effect of exposure to benzo[a]pyrene on SODs, CYP1A1/1A2- and CYP2E1 immunopositive proteins in the blood clam Scapharca inaequivalvis

MONARI, MARTA;CATTANI, OTELLO;SERRAZANETTI, GIAN PAOLO;SELLI, ANNAROSA;PAGLIUCA, GIAMPIERO;ZIRONI, ELISA;
2007

Abstract

The effects of water-borne exposure to benzo[a]pyrene (36 hrs; celite-bound 0.44 mg L-1 B[a]P) on cytochrome P450 (CYP) and superoxide dismutases (SODs) were examined in digestive gland of the blood clam, Scapharca inaequivalvis. B[a]P accumulation and elimination were rapid, with maximum whole-body concentrations of 1.78 ng g-1 wet wt. after 12 hours of treatment, followed by a progressive decline to 0.89 ng g-1 at 36 hours. The presence of B[a]P resulted in an increase in total CYP of digestive gland microsomes from 54 ± 14 to 108 ± 21 pmol mg-1 protein (mean ± SD; p<0.05, 24 hrs). Increases were also seen in microsomal CYP1A1/1A2-immunopositive protein (50.5 kDa app. mol. wt; p<0.05), but not CYP2E1-immunopositive protein (49 kDa app. mol. wt.), indicating a specific response of the former isoform. Exposure to B[a]P produced a steady increase in Mn-SOD digestive gland activity (p<0.01; p<0.05) but no significant change in Cu/Zn-SOD activity. The respective proteins, measured by western blotting, weren’t significant induced after B[a]P exposure. Cu/Zn-SOD and Mn-SOD activities were correlated with total CYP levels (r = 0.96 and 0.63, respectively), indicating a role for CYP in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production during exposure. Both 'NADPH-independent' and NADPH-dependent metabolism of B[a]P by digestive gland microsomes was seen, producing mainly 1,6-, 3,6- and 6,12-diones, with some phenols and 7,8-dihydrodiol; putative protein adducts were also formed. Redox cycling of the diones may also have contributed to ROS production, leading to the increased SOD activities.
M. Monari;O. Cattani; G.P. Serrazanetti; A. Selli; G. Pagliuca; E. Zironi; S.C.M. O’Hara; D.R. Livingstone
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/29037
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