BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been suggested as a new treatment option for patients with locally advanced cancer. This study aimed to prospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of intraoperative RFA in patients with unresectable, locally advanced, non-metastatic carcinoma of the pancreatic head. METHODS: RFA was the first step of the surgical procedure and was carried out on the mobilized pancreatic head followed by biliary by-pass and gastrojejunal-anastomosis. Intra- and post-operative morbidity and mortality, performance status, pain control, quality of life, and survival at 24 months were evaluated. RESULTS: Seven patients (3 men and 4 women; median age 66 years, range 47-80 years) were studied and 4 were eligible for treatment. The RFA procedure was carried out in 3 of the 4 patients; in one patient it was not carried out because of the upstaging of the neoplasm. In all 3 patients RFA achieved complete necrosis of the lesion. A biliary fistula developed 7 days after the procedure in one patient; all 3 patients developed ascites 8.6 days (range 7-9 days) on average after RFA. All patients died respectively, at 3, 4, and 5 months after the treatment. CONCLUSIONS: In our experience, RFA is a feasible procedure, but it presents a very high rate of postoperative complications. Moreover, pain control, life quality and survival rate are poor. The few data suggest no impact on survival

A prospective study on radiofrequency ablation locally advanced pancreatic cancer.

CASADEI, RICCARDO;PEZZILLI, RAFFAELE;SERRA, CARLA;CALCULLI, LUCIA;SANTINI, DONATELLA;MINNI, FRANCESCO
2010

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been suggested as a new treatment option for patients with locally advanced cancer. This study aimed to prospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of intraoperative RFA in patients with unresectable, locally advanced, non-metastatic carcinoma of the pancreatic head. METHODS: RFA was the first step of the surgical procedure and was carried out on the mobilized pancreatic head followed by biliary by-pass and gastrojejunal-anastomosis. Intra- and post-operative morbidity and mortality, performance status, pain control, quality of life, and survival at 24 months were evaluated. RESULTS: Seven patients (3 men and 4 women; median age 66 years, range 47-80 years) were studied and 4 were eligible for treatment. The RFA procedure was carried out in 3 of the 4 patients; in one patient it was not carried out because of the upstaging of the neoplasm. In all 3 patients RFA achieved complete necrosis of the lesion. A biliary fistula developed 7 days after the procedure in one patient; all 3 patients developed ascites 8.6 days (range 7-9 days) on average after RFA. All patients died respectively, at 3, 4, and 5 months after the treatment. CONCLUSIONS: In our experience, RFA is a feasible procedure, but it presents a very high rate of postoperative complications. Moreover, pain control, life quality and survival rate are poor. The few data suggest no impact on survival
Casadei R; Ricci C; Pezzilli R; Serra C; Calculli L; Morselli-Labate AM; Santini D; Minni F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/263355
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