Polymers bearing amino functional groups are an important class of materials capable of serving as nonviral carriers for DNA delivery to living cells. In this work biodegradable poly(amine-co-ester) terpolymers were synthesized via ring-opening and polycondensation copolymerization of lactone (3-caprolactone (CL), u-dodecalactone, u-pentadecalactone (PDL), and u-hexadecalactone) with diethyl sebacate (DES) and N-methyldiethanolamine (MDEA) in diphenyl ether, catalyzed by Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB). All lactone-DES-MDEA terpolymers had random distributions of lactone, sebacate, MDEA repeat units in the polymer chains. PDL-DES-MDEA terpolymers were studied in the composition range from 21 to 90 mol% PDL whereas the terpolymers with other lactones were investigated at a single composition (80 mol% lactone). DSC and WAXS analyses showed that all investigated terpolymers crystallize in their respective homopolylactone crystal lattice. Terpolymers with large lactones and a high lactone content melt well above room temperature and are hard solids, whereas terpolymers with small lactones (e.g. CL) or with a low lactone content melt below/around ambient temperature and are waxy/gluey materials. Given the importance of hydrophobicity in influencing gene delivery, water contact angle measurements were carried out on lactone-DES-MDEA terpolymers showing that it is possible to tune the hydrophilicto- hydrophobic balance by varying polymer composition and size of lactone units. To demonstrate the feasibility of using solid terpolymers as nanocarriers for DNA delivery, PDL-DES-MDEA copolymers with 65–90% PDL were successfully transformed into free-standing nanoparticles with average particle size ranging from 163 to 175 nm. Our preliminary results showed that LucDNA-loaded nanoparticles of the terpolymer with 65% PDL were effective for luciferase gene transfection of HEK293 cells.

Exploring the solid state properties of enzymatic poly(amine-co-ester) terpolymers to expand their applications in gene transfection

VOEVODINA, IRINA;SCANDOLA, MARIASTELLA;
2014

Abstract

Polymers bearing amino functional groups are an important class of materials capable of serving as nonviral carriers for DNA delivery to living cells. In this work biodegradable poly(amine-co-ester) terpolymers were synthesized via ring-opening and polycondensation copolymerization of lactone (3-caprolactone (CL), u-dodecalactone, u-pentadecalactone (PDL), and u-hexadecalactone) with diethyl sebacate (DES) and N-methyldiethanolamine (MDEA) in diphenyl ether, catalyzed by Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB). All lactone-DES-MDEA terpolymers had random distributions of lactone, sebacate, MDEA repeat units in the polymer chains. PDL-DES-MDEA terpolymers were studied in the composition range from 21 to 90 mol% PDL whereas the terpolymers with other lactones were investigated at a single composition (80 mol% lactone). DSC and WAXS analyses showed that all investigated terpolymers crystallize in their respective homopolylactone crystal lattice. Terpolymers with large lactones and a high lactone content melt well above room temperature and are hard solids, whereas terpolymers with small lactones (e.g. CL) or with a low lactone content melt below/around ambient temperature and are waxy/gluey materials. Given the importance of hydrophobicity in influencing gene delivery, water contact angle measurements were carried out on lactone-DES-MDEA terpolymers showing that it is possible to tune the hydrophilicto- hydrophobic balance by varying polymer composition and size of lactone units. To demonstrate the feasibility of using solid terpolymers as nanocarriers for DNA delivery, PDL-DES-MDEA copolymers with 65–90% PDL were successfully transformed into free-standing nanoparticles with average particle size ranging from 163 to 175 nm. Our preliminary results showed that LucDNA-loaded nanoparticles of the terpolymer with 65% PDL were effective for luciferase gene transfection of HEK293 cells.
2014
Irina Voevodina; Mariastella Scandola; Junwei Zhang; Zhaozhong Jiang
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/241276
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