BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that hepatic steatosis contributes to the progression of liver fibrosis, whereas its impact on the efficacy of anti-viral treatment is still under investigation. AIM: To evaluate the effect of steatosis on the outcome of combined anti-viral treatment. METHODS: We studied 102 consecutive naive patients with chronic hepatitis C receiving combined anti-viral therapy (peg-interferon alpha-2b and ribavirin). RESULTS: Fifty (49%) of 102 patients had evidence of hepatic steatosis (29 grade 1, 16 grade 2 and 5 grade 3). Sustained virological response was similar in patients with and without steatosis (58% vs. 56%); moreover, the grade of steatosis did not affect the rate of sustained virological response (grade 1: 58%, grade 2: 56% and grade 3: 60%). Patients with steatosis had significantly higher serum levels of aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase and gamma-glutamyltransferase (P = 0.007, 0.004 and 0.03, respectively), higher histological activity (P = 0.03), more advanced stage of fibrosis (P = 0.0394) and more often hepatitis C virus genotype 3 (P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that hepatic steatosis in chronic hepatitis C, irrespective of its grade, is not a negative prognostic factor of response to combined anti-viral therapy, even when the histological and biochemical profile of the disease is more aggressive.

Hepatic steatosis in chronic hepatitis C: impact on response to anti-viral treatment with peg-interferon and ribavirin

GUIDI, MARCELLO;MURATORI, PAOLO;GRANITO, ALESSANDRO;MURATORI, LUIGI;LENZI, MARCO;BIANCHI, FRANCESCO BIANCO
2005

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that hepatic steatosis contributes to the progression of liver fibrosis, whereas its impact on the efficacy of anti-viral treatment is still under investigation. AIM: To evaluate the effect of steatosis on the outcome of combined anti-viral treatment. METHODS: We studied 102 consecutive naive patients with chronic hepatitis C receiving combined anti-viral therapy (peg-interferon alpha-2b and ribavirin). RESULTS: Fifty (49%) of 102 patients had evidence of hepatic steatosis (29 grade 1, 16 grade 2 and 5 grade 3). Sustained virological response was similar in patients with and without steatosis (58% vs. 56%); moreover, the grade of steatosis did not affect the rate of sustained virological response (grade 1: 58%, grade 2: 56% and grade 3: 60%). Patients with steatosis had significantly higher serum levels of aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase and gamma-glutamyltransferase (P = 0.007, 0.004 and 0.03, respectively), higher histological activity (P = 0.03), more advanced stage of fibrosis (P = 0.0394) and more often hepatitis C virus genotype 3 (P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that hepatic steatosis in chronic hepatitis C, irrespective of its grade, is not a negative prognostic factor of response to combined anti-viral therapy, even when the histological and biochemical profile of the disease is more aggressive.
Guidi M; Muratori P; Granito A; Muratori L; Pappas G; Lenzi M; Bianchi FB.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/22309
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