To date few studies have addressed the development and function of the porcine gastric mucosal immune system and this is a major limitation to understanding the immunopathogenesis of infections occurring in young pigs. The polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) mediates the transport of secretory immunoglobulins until luminal surface of the gut mucosa and the aim of this study was to investigate the time course of pIgR expression and to determine its localization in three functionally different porcine gastric sites during the suckling period and after weaning. An additional goal was to investigate the time course expression of toll-like receptors (TLRs) in relation to pIgR expression. Gastric samples were collected from the cardiac-to-oxyntic transition (Cd), the oxyntic (Ox), and the pyloric (Py) regions in 84 pigs, slaughtered before weaning (14, 21 and 28 days of age; 23, 23 and 19 pigs, respectively) and 14 days post-weaning (42 days of age, 23 pigs). PIgR was expressed in the mucosa of all the three gastric sites, and its transcript levels were modulated during suckling and after weaning, with regional differences. PIgR expression increased linearly during suckling (P=0.019) and also increased post-weaning (P=0.001) in Cd, it increased post-weaning in Py (P=0.049) and increased linearly during suckling in Ox (P=0.036). TLRs expression was also modulated during development: in Cd, TLR2 increased linearly during suckling (P=0.003); in Ox, TLR2 decreased after weaning (P=0.038) while TLR4 increased linearly during suckling(P=0.008). The expression of TLR2, 3 and 4 in Ox was positively correlated with pIgR expression (P<0.001). Importantly, both pIgR protein and mRNA were localized, by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, respectively, in the gastric glands of the lamina propria. These results indicate that pIgR is actively synthesized in the gastric mucosa and suggest that pIgR could play a crucial role in gastric mucosal immune defense of growing pigs.

Age-related Expression of the polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) in the gastric mucosa of young pigs

TREVISI, PAOLO;GANDOLFI, GRETA;PRIORI, DAVIDE;MESSORI, STEFANO;COLOMBO, MICHELA;MAZZONI, MAURIZIO;BOSI, PAOLO
2013

Abstract

To date few studies have addressed the development and function of the porcine gastric mucosal immune system and this is a major limitation to understanding the immunopathogenesis of infections occurring in young pigs. The polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) mediates the transport of secretory immunoglobulins until luminal surface of the gut mucosa and the aim of this study was to investigate the time course of pIgR expression and to determine its localization in three functionally different porcine gastric sites during the suckling period and after weaning. An additional goal was to investigate the time course expression of toll-like receptors (TLRs) in relation to pIgR expression. Gastric samples were collected from the cardiac-to-oxyntic transition (Cd), the oxyntic (Ox), and the pyloric (Py) regions in 84 pigs, slaughtered before weaning (14, 21 and 28 days of age; 23, 23 and 19 pigs, respectively) and 14 days post-weaning (42 days of age, 23 pigs). PIgR was expressed in the mucosa of all the three gastric sites, and its transcript levels were modulated during suckling and after weaning, with regional differences. PIgR expression increased linearly during suckling (P=0.019) and also increased post-weaning (P=0.001) in Cd, it increased post-weaning in Py (P=0.049) and increased linearly during suckling in Ox (P=0.036). TLRs expression was also modulated during development: in Cd, TLR2 increased linearly during suckling (P=0.003); in Ox, TLR2 decreased after weaning (P=0.038) while TLR4 increased linearly during suckling(P=0.008). The expression of TLR2, 3 and 4 in Ox was positively correlated with pIgR expression (P<0.001). Importantly, both pIgR protein and mRNA were localized, by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, respectively, in the gastric glands of the lamina propria. These results indicate that pIgR is actively synthesized in the gastric mucosa and suggest that pIgR could play a crucial role in gastric mucosal immune defense of growing pigs.
Paolo Trevisi; Greta Gandolfi; Davide Priori; Stefano Messori; Michela Colombo; Maurizio Mazzoni; Jean-Paul Lallès; Paolo Bosi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/199532
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