A system for orbital object monitoring is analyzed, based on a mid-latitude and an equatorial observatory. The enhancements with respect to the use of a single telescope located at mid latitude, for space debris detection and tracking are highlighted in terms of surveying volume, object identification and orbital determination accuracy. The need to improve observation capabilities in monitoring and cataloguing such kinds of objects is constantly growing, due to the constant increase of operative satellites and space debris in both GEO and LEO regions. After the considerations on the feasibility of the whole system, an overview of the observatories’ design is sketched, on the basis of previous Italian experience in space debris observation, and taking into account constraints imposed by the instrumentation. In particular the main characteristics of components, software for image analysis and observation methodologies are analyzed and a possible configuration is given, based on the ALMASCOPE observatory realized by the Space Robotics Group at the University of Bologna. This observatory was used for the 2010 test campaign carried out from the Broglio Space Center in Kenya.

Space debris measurement using joint mid-latitude and equatorial optical observations

CERUTI, ALESSANDRO;RIZZITELLI, FEDERICO;
2014

Abstract

A system for orbital object monitoring is analyzed, based on a mid-latitude and an equatorial observatory. The enhancements with respect to the use of a single telescope located at mid latitude, for space debris detection and tracking are highlighted in terms of surveying volume, object identification and orbital determination accuracy. The need to improve observation capabilities in monitoring and cataloguing such kinds of objects is constantly growing, due to the constant increase of operative satellites and space debris in both GEO and LEO regions. After the considerations on the feasibility of the whole system, an overview of the observatories’ design is sketched, on the basis of previous Italian experience in space debris observation, and taking into account constraints imposed by the instrumentation. In particular the main characteristics of components, software for image analysis and observation methodologies are analyzed and a possible configuration is given, based on the ALMASCOPE observatory realized by the Space Robotics Group at the University of Bologna. This observatory was used for the 2010 test campaign carried out from the Broglio Space Center in Kenya.
F. Piergentili; A. Ceruti; F. Rizzitelli; T. Cardona; M. L. Battagliere; F. Santoni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/191048
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