Purpose: The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of 1-stage versus 2-stage lateral maxillary sinus lift procedures. Methods and materials: Sixty partially edentulous patients requiring 1–3 implants and having 1–3 mm of residual bone height and at least 5 mm bone width below the maxillary sinus, as measured on CT scans, were randomized into 2 equal groups to receive either a 1-stage lateral window sinus lift with simultaneous implant placement or a 2-stage procedure with implant placement delayed by 4 months using a bone substitute. Implants were submerged for 4 months, loaded with reinforced provisional prostheses, which were replaced, after 4 months, by definitive prostheses. Outcome measures were: augmentation procedure failures, prosthesis and implants failures, complications and marginal peri-implant bone loss assessed by a blinded outcome assessor. Patients were followed up to 4 months after loading. Only data of implants placed in 1–3 mm of bone height were reported. Results: Two patients dropped out from the 1-stage group and none from the 2-stage group. No sinus lift procedure failed in the 1-stage group but 1 failed in the 2-stage group, the difference being not statistically significant (P = 1.00). Two prostheses failed or could not be placed in the planned time in the 1-stage group and 1 in the 2-stage group, the difference being not statistically significant (P = 0.51). Three implants failed in 3 patients of the 1-stage group versus 1 implant in the 2-stage group, the difference being not statistically significant (P = 0.28). Two complications occurred in the 1-stage group and 1 in the 2-stage group, the difference being not statistically significant (P = 0.61). There were no statistically significant differences in bone loss between groups at loading (0.05 mm). 1-stage treated sites lost an average of 0.56 mm (SD: 0.36, 95% CI: −0.70 to −0.42, P < 0.001) of peri-implant bone and 2-stage sites about 0.61 mm (SD: 0.34 95% CI: −0.74 to −0.48, P < 0.001). Conclusion: No statistically significant differences were observed between implants placed according to 1- or 2-stage sinus lift procedures, however this study may suggest that in patients having residual bone height between 1 and 3 mm below the maxillary sinus there might be a slightly higher risk for implant failures when performing a 1-stage lateral sinus lift procedure.

1-Stage vs 2-stage maxillary sinus lift procedures: 4-Month post-loading results of a multicenter RCT

MAZZONI, ANNALISA;CHECCHI, LUIGI;BRESCHI, LORENZO;FELICE, PIETRO
2013

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of 1-stage versus 2-stage lateral maxillary sinus lift procedures. Methods and materials: Sixty partially edentulous patients requiring 1–3 implants and having 1–3 mm of residual bone height and at least 5 mm bone width below the maxillary sinus, as measured on CT scans, were randomized into 2 equal groups to receive either a 1-stage lateral window sinus lift with simultaneous implant placement or a 2-stage procedure with implant placement delayed by 4 months using a bone substitute. Implants were submerged for 4 months, loaded with reinforced provisional prostheses, which were replaced, after 4 months, by definitive prostheses. Outcome measures were: augmentation procedure failures, prosthesis and implants failures, complications and marginal peri-implant bone loss assessed by a blinded outcome assessor. Patients were followed up to 4 months after loading. Only data of implants placed in 1–3 mm of bone height were reported. Results: Two patients dropped out from the 1-stage group and none from the 2-stage group. No sinus lift procedure failed in the 1-stage group but 1 failed in the 2-stage group, the difference being not statistically significant (P = 1.00). Two prostheses failed or could not be placed in the planned time in the 1-stage group and 1 in the 2-stage group, the difference being not statistically significant (P = 0.51). Three implants failed in 3 patients of the 1-stage group versus 1 implant in the 2-stage group, the difference being not statistically significant (P = 0.28). Two complications occurred in the 1-stage group and 1 in the 2-stage group, the difference being not statistically significant (P = 0.61). There were no statistically significant differences in bone loss between groups at loading (0.05 mm). 1-stage treated sites lost an average of 0.56 mm (SD: 0.36, 95% CI: −0.70 to −0.42, P < 0.001) of peri-implant bone and 2-stage sites about 0.61 mm (SD: 0.34 95% CI: −0.74 to −0.48, P < 0.001). Conclusion: No statistically significant differences were observed between implants placed according to 1- or 2-stage sinus lift procedures, however this study may suggest that in patients having residual bone height between 1 and 3 mm below the maxillary sinus there might be a slightly higher risk for implant failures when performing a 1-stage lateral sinus lift procedure.
DENTAL MATERIALS
V. Checchi;M. Esposito;A. Mazzoni;L. Checchi;L. Breschi;P. Felice
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/189903
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact