We have designed and synthesized two amphiphilic calix[6]arene derivatives, CA8 and CA18, that combine the potential to act as wheel components for pseudorotaxane structures with the self-assembly features typical of surfactant molecules in aqueous solution. Their endo-cavity recognition and self-aggregation properties were compared with those of a non-amphiphilic analogue, C8. TEM, DLS, and fluorescence experiments show that in water the amphiphilic calixarenes form vesicle- and micelle-like aggregates. The size, nature and properties of such aggregates depend on the length of the alkyl chain anchored at the lower rim of the calix[6]arene skeleton, as well as on the inclusion of a molecular guest into the wheel. Specifically, the release of a fluorescent guest entrapped inside the CA8 vesicles is accelerated in the presence of dioctylviologen axles that can pierce the calixarene cavity.

Hierarchical self-assembly of amphiphilic calix[6]arene wheels and viologen axles in water

CREDI, ALBERTO;SEMERARO, MONICA;VENTURI, MARGHERITA;SILVI, SERENA;
2013

Abstract

We have designed and synthesized two amphiphilic calix[6]arene derivatives, CA8 and CA18, that combine the potential to act as wheel components for pseudorotaxane structures with the self-assembly features typical of surfactant molecules in aqueous solution. Their endo-cavity recognition and self-aggregation properties were compared with those of a non-amphiphilic analogue, C8. TEM, DLS, and fluorescence experiments show that in water the amphiphilic calixarenes form vesicle- and micelle-like aggregates. The size, nature and properties of such aggregates depend on the length of the alkyl chain anchored at the lower rim of the calix[6]arene skeleton, as well as on the inclusion of a molecular guest into the wheel. Specifically, the release of a fluorescent guest entrapped inside the CA8 vesicles is accelerated in the presence of dioctylviologen axles that can pierce the calixarene cavity.
Rocco Bussolati; Pasquale Carrieri; Andrea Secchi; Arturo Arduini; Alberto Credi; Monica Semeraro; Margherita Venturi; Serena Silvi; Diana Velluto; Romina Zappacosta; Antonella Fontana
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/189328
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