A procedure for the design of an aerobic cometabolic process for the on-site degradation of chlorinated solvents in a packed bed reactor was developed using groundwater from an aquifer contaminated by trichloroethylene (TCE) and 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (TeCA). The work led to the selection of butane among five tested growth substrates, and to the development and characterization from the site’s indigenous biomass of a suspended-cell consortium capable to degrade TCE (first order constant: 96 L/g protein/d at 30°C and 4.3 L/g protein/d at 15°C) with a 90% mineralization of the organic chlorine. The consortium immobilization had strong effects on the butane and TCE degradation rates. The microbial community structure was slightly changed by a temperature shift from 30° to 15°C, but remarkably affected by biomass adhesion. Given the higher TCE normalized degradation rate (0.59 1/d at 15°C) and attached biomass concentration (0.13 g protein/ L bioreactor at 15°C) attained, the porous ceramic carrier Biomax was selected as the best option for the packed bed reactor process. The low TeCA degradation rate exhibited by the developed consortium suggested the inclusion of a chemical pre-treatment based on the TeCA to TCE conversion via beta-elimination, a very fast reaction at alkaline pH. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this represents the first attempt to develop a procedure for the development of a packed bed reactor process for the aerobic cometabolism of chlorinated solvents.

Development of an attached-growth process for the on-site bioremediation of an aquifer polluted by chlorinated solvents

FRASCARI, DARIO;BUCCHI, GIACOMO;DORIA, FRANCESCO;ROSATO, ANTONELLA;TAVANAIE, NASRIN;CIAVARELLI, ROBERTA;PINELLI, DAVIDE;FRARACCIO, SERENA;ZANAROLI, GIULIO;FAVA, FABIO
2014

Abstract

A procedure for the design of an aerobic cometabolic process for the on-site degradation of chlorinated solvents in a packed bed reactor was developed using groundwater from an aquifer contaminated by trichloroethylene (TCE) and 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (TeCA). The work led to the selection of butane among five tested growth substrates, and to the development and characterization from the site’s indigenous biomass of a suspended-cell consortium capable to degrade TCE (first order constant: 96 L/g protein/d at 30°C and 4.3 L/g protein/d at 15°C) with a 90% mineralization of the organic chlorine. The consortium immobilization had strong effects on the butane and TCE degradation rates. The microbial community structure was slightly changed by a temperature shift from 30° to 15°C, but remarkably affected by biomass adhesion. Given the higher TCE normalized degradation rate (0.59 1/d at 15°C) and attached biomass concentration (0.13 g protein/ L bioreactor at 15°C) attained, the porous ceramic carrier Biomax was selected as the best option for the packed bed reactor process. The low TeCA degradation rate exhibited by the developed consortium suggested the inclusion of a chemical pre-treatment based on the TeCA to TCE conversion via beta-elimination, a very fast reaction at alkaline pH. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this represents the first attempt to develop a procedure for the development of a packed bed reactor process for the aerobic cometabolism of chlorinated solvents.
BIODEGRADATION
Dario Frascari;Giacomo Bucchi;Francesco Doria;Antonella Rosato;Nasrin Tavanaie;Raffaele Salviulo;Roberta Ciavarelli;Davide Pinelli;Serena Fraraccio;Giulio Zanaroli;Fabio Fava
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/185708
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