Despite its functional conservation, the mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) presents strikingly different features among eukaryotes, such as size, rearrangements and amount of intergenic regions. Non-adaptive processes such as random genetic drift and mutation rate play a fundamental role in shaping mtDNA: the mitochondrial bottleneck and the number of germ line replications are critical factors, and different patterns of germ line differentiation could be responsible for the mtDNA diversity observed in eukaryotes. Among metazoan, bivalve mollusc mtDNAs show unusual features, like hypervariable gene arrangements, high mutation rates, large amount of intergenic regions and, in some species, an unique inheritance system, the Doubly Uniparental Inheritance (DUI). The DUI system offers the possibility to study the evolutionary dynamics of mtDNAs that, despite being in the same organism, experience different genetic drift and selective pressures. We used the DUI species Ruditapes philippinarum to study intergenic mtDNA functions, mitochondrial transcription and polymorphism in gonads. We observed: 1) the presence of conserved functional elements and novel ORFs that could explain the evolutionary persistence of intergenic regions and may be involved in DUI-specific features; 2) that mtDNA transcription is lineage-specific and independent from the nuclear background; 3) that male-transmitted and female-transmitted mtDNAs have a similar amount of polymorphism but of different kind, due to different population size and selection efficiency. Our results are consistent with the hypotheses that mtDNA evolution is strongly dependent on the dynamics of germ line formation, and that the establishment of a male-transmitted mtDNA lineage can increase male fitness through selection on sperm function.

Ghiselli F., Milani L., Guerra D., Chang P.L., Breton S., Nuzhdin S.V., et al. (2013). Structure, transcription and variability of metazoan mitochondrial genome. Perspectives from an unusual mitochondrial inheritance system. GENOME BIOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, 5(8), 1535-1554 [10.1093/gbe/evt112].

Structure, transcription and variability of metazoan mitochondrial genome. Perspectives from an unusual mitochondrial inheritance system.

GHISELLI, FABRIZIO;MILANI, LILIANA;GUERRA, DAVIDE;PASSAMONTI, MARCO
2013

Abstract

Despite its functional conservation, the mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) presents strikingly different features among eukaryotes, such as size, rearrangements and amount of intergenic regions. Non-adaptive processes such as random genetic drift and mutation rate play a fundamental role in shaping mtDNA: the mitochondrial bottleneck and the number of germ line replications are critical factors, and different patterns of germ line differentiation could be responsible for the mtDNA diversity observed in eukaryotes. Among metazoan, bivalve mollusc mtDNAs show unusual features, like hypervariable gene arrangements, high mutation rates, large amount of intergenic regions and, in some species, an unique inheritance system, the Doubly Uniparental Inheritance (DUI). The DUI system offers the possibility to study the evolutionary dynamics of mtDNAs that, despite being in the same organism, experience different genetic drift and selective pressures. We used the DUI species Ruditapes philippinarum to study intergenic mtDNA functions, mitochondrial transcription and polymorphism in gonads. We observed: 1) the presence of conserved functional elements and novel ORFs that could explain the evolutionary persistence of intergenic regions and may be involved in DUI-specific features; 2) that mtDNA transcription is lineage-specific and independent from the nuclear background; 3) that male-transmitted and female-transmitted mtDNAs have a similar amount of polymorphism but of different kind, due to different population size and selection efficiency. Our results are consistent with the hypotheses that mtDNA evolution is strongly dependent on the dynamics of germ line formation, and that the establishment of a male-transmitted mtDNA lineage can increase male fitness through selection on sperm function.
2013
Ghiselli F., Milani L., Guerra D., Chang P.L., Breton S., Nuzhdin S.V., et al. (2013). Structure, transcription and variability of metazoan mitochondrial genome. Perspectives from an unusual mitochondrial inheritance system. GENOME BIOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, 5(8), 1535-1554 [10.1093/gbe/evt112].
Ghiselli F.; Milani L.; Guerra D.; Chang P.L.; Breton S.; Nuzhdin S.V.; Passamonti M.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/163839
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 39
  • Scopus 68
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 65
social impact