This study was designed to assess the functional and prognostic significance of left anterior hemiblock (LAHB) in patients with no history of myocardial infarction referred for dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). BACKGROUND: The significance of isolated LAHB in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) is unclear. METHODS: We studied 1,187 patients with suspected CAD and no history of myocardial infarction who underwent DSE and were followed for occurrence of cardiac death. RESULTS: Left anterior hemiblock was detected on baseline electrocardiogram in 159 patients (13%). Ischemia occurred more frequently in patients with LAHB (43% vs. 33%, p = 0.02). During a mean follow-up of 5.0 +/- 2.5 years, 125 patients (11%) died of cardiac causes. The annual cardiac death rate was 4.9% in patients with LAHB and 1.9% for patients without (p < 0.0001). Patients with both LAHB and an abnormal DSE had the highest annual cardiac death rate (6.3%). In a Cox multivariable analysis, independent predictors of cardiac death were age, smoking, history of heart failure, diabetes, and ischemia. Left anterior hemiblock was independently associated with increased risk of cardiac death among patients with normal DSE (hazard ratio 1.8, 95% confidence interval 1.1 to 3.8) and in patients with abnormal DSE (hazard ratio 1.7, 95% confidence interval 1.1 to 2.7). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with suspected CAD referred for stress testing, LAHB is associated with increased risk of cardiac death. This risk is persistent after adjustment for major clinical data and abnormalities on the stress echocardiogram. Therefore, isolated LAHB should not be considered a benign electrocardiographic abnormality in these patients.

Prognostic significance of left anterior hemiblock in patients with suspected coronary artery disease.

BIAGINI, ELENA;RAPEZZI, CLAUDIO;
2005

Abstract

This study was designed to assess the functional and prognostic significance of left anterior hemiblock (LAHB) in patients with no history of myocardial infarction referred for dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). BACKGROUND: The significance of isolated LAHB in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) is unclear. METHODS: We studied 1,187 patients with suspected CAD and no history of myocardial infarction who underwent DSE and were followed for occurrence of cardiac death. RESULTS: Left anterior hemiblock was detected on baseline electrocardiogram in 159 patients (13%). Ischemia occurred more frequently in patients with LAHB (43% vs. 33%, p = 0.02). During a mean follow-up of 5.0 +/- 2.5 years, 125 patients (11%) died of cardiac causes. The annual cardiac death rate was 4.9% in patients with LAHB and 1.9% for patients without (p < 0.0001). Patients with both LAHB and an abnormal DSE had the highest annual cardiac death rate (6.3%). In a Cox multivariable analysis, independent predictors of cardiac death were age, smoking, history of heart failure, diabetes, and ischemia. Left anterior hemiblock was independently associated with increased risk of cardiac death among patients with normal DSE (hazard ratio 1.8, 95% confidence interval 1.1 to 3.8) and in patients with abnormal DSE (hazard ratio 1.7, 95% confidence interval 1.1 to 2.7). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with suspected CAD referred for stress testing, LAHB is associated with increased risk of cardiac death. This risk is persistent after adjustment for major clinical data and abnormalities on the stress echocardiogram. Therefore, isolated LAHB should not be considered a benign electrocardiographic abnormality in these patients.
2005
Biagini E; Elhendy A; Schinkel AF; Nelwan S; Rizzello V; van Domburg RT; Rapezzi C; Rocchi G; Simoons ML; Bax JJ; Poldermans D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/15624
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