BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effects of pet therapy on cognitive function, mood and perceived quality of life on elderly inpatients (mean age 84.7 years; 95.2% women) affected by dementia, depression and psychosis. METHODS: Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and 15-items Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were administered to 10 patients (pet group) and 11 controls (control group) together with a self-perceived quality-of-life questionnaire, before and after a pet therapy intervention that lasted 6 weeks. MMSE and GDS mean scores were compared between and within groups by Student's t-test. RESULTS: Both the pet group and control group improved on GDS and MMSE. Within the pet group, GDS symptoms decreased by 50% (from 5.9 to 2.7, P= 0.013), whereas mean MMSE score increased by 4.5 (P= 0.060). The between group comparison showed a positive effect of pet therapy intervention on GDS (P= 0.070). Most of the participants reported an improvement of their perceived quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: Pet therapy is efficient in improving depressive symptoms and cognitive function in residents of long-term care facilities with mental illness.

Pet therapy in elderly patients with mental illness / Moretti F;De Ronchi D;Bernabei V;Marchetti L;Ferrari B;Forlani C;Negretti F;Sacchetti C;Atti AR. - In: PSYCHOGERIATRICS. - ISSN 1346-3500. - STAMPA. - 11:2(2011), pp. 125-129. [10.1111/j.1479-8301.2010.00329.x]

Pet therapy in elderly patients with mental illness.

MORETTI, FRANCESCA;DE RONCHI, DIANA;BERNABEI, VIRGINIA;FERRARI, BARBARA;NEGRETTI, FRANCESCA MARIA;SACCHETTI, CLETA;ATTI, ANNA-RITA
2011

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effects of pet therapy on cognitive function, mood and perceived quality of life on elderly inpatients (mean age 84.7 years; 95.2% women) affected by dementia, depression and psychosis. METHODS: Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and 15-items Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were administered to 10 patients (pet group) and 11 controls (control group) together with a self-perceived quality-of-life questionnaire, before and after a pet therapy intervention that lasted 6 weeks. MMSE and GDS mean scores were compared between and within groups by Student's t-test. RESULTS: Both the pet group and control group improved on GDS and MMSE. Within the pet group, GDS symptoms decreased by 50% (from 5.9 to 2.7, P= 0.013), whereas mean MMSE score increased by 4.5 (P= 0.060). The between group comparison showed a positive effect of pet therapy intervention on GDS (P= 0.070). Most of the participants reported an improvement of their perceived quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: Pet therapy is efficient in improving depressive symptoms and cognitive function in residents of long-term care facilities with mental illness.
2011
Pet therapy in elderly patients with mental illness / Moretti F;De Ronchi D;Bernabei V;Marchetti L;Ferrari B;Forlani C;Negretti F;Sacchetti C;Atti AR. - In: PSYCHOGERIATRICS. - ISSN 1346-3500. - STAMPA. - 11:2(2011), pp. 125-129. [10.1111/j.1479-8301.2010.00329.x]
Moretti F;De Ronchi D;Bernabei V;Marchetti L;Ferrari B;Forlani C;Negretti F;Sacchetti C;Atti AR
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/154487
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