Many living organisms form mineral phases through biologically controlled processes, known as biomineralization. Thus created materials are composites of both, mineral and organic components. The shell of the gastropod mollusc red abalone (Haliotis rufescens) consists of calcite and aragonite layers, each of them containing characteristic biopolymers responsible for biomineralization. In this work, the effect of interstitial green sheet polypeptide, GP, extracted from the green layer of the mollusc red abalone shell, on the process of spontaneous precipitation of calcium carbonate polymorphs, was investigated. Three precipitation systems, in which the initial mineralogical composition of the precipitate was different, have been studied. Thus, in system (1) calcite appeared, in system (2) a mixture of calcite and vaterite was found, while in system (3), ASW, only aragonite precipitated. However, the precipitation kinetic measurements, X-ray diffraction, FT-IR spectroscopy, and light and scanning electron microscopy indicated that the addition of GP in the model systems caused the inhibition of precipitation and change of morphology of crystals as a consequence of GP adsorption on the crystal surfaces and its entrapment into the mineral structure.

The Influence of a Protein Fragment Extracted from Abalone Shell Green Layer on the Precipitation of Calcium Carbonate Polymorphs in Aqueous Media

REGGI, MICHELA;FALINI, GIUSEPPE;
2013

Abstract

Many living organisms form mineral phases through biologically controlled processes, known as biomineralization. Thus created materials are composites of both, mineral and organic components. The shell of the gastropod mollusc red abalone (Haliotis rufescens) consists of calcite and aragonite layers, each of them containing characteristic biopolymers responsible for biomineralization. In this work, the effect of interstitial green sheet polypeptide, GP, extracted from the green layer of the mollusc red abalone shell, on the process of spontaneous precipitation of calcium carbonate polymorphs, was investigated. Three precipitation systems, in which the initial mineralogical composition of the precipitate was different, have been studied. Thus, in system (1) calcite appeared, in system (2) a mixture of calcite and vaterite was found, while in system (3), ASW, only aragonite precipitated. However, the precipitation kinetic measurements, X-ray diffraction, FT-IR spectroscopy, and light and scanning electron microscopy indicated that the addition of GP in the model systems caused the inhibition of precipitation and change of morphology of crystals as a consequence of GP adsorption on the crystal surfaces and its entrapment into the mineral structure.
2013
Branka Njegić-Džakula;Michela Reggi;Giuseppe Falini;Igor Weber;Ljerka Brečević;Damir Kralj
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/152244
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