BACKGROUND: There is insufficient population-based data on group B streptococcus (GBS) late-onset disease (LOD). Risk factors and routes of GBS transmission are poorly understood. METHODS: A prospective, cohort study was conducted to collect incidence data on LOD and evaluate GBS infections over an 8-year period (2003-2010). Starting from January 2007, maternal rectovaginal and breast milk cultures were routinely collected on confirmation of the LOD diagnosis to assess maternal GBS culture status. RESULTS: The incidence rate of LOD was 0.32 per 1000 live births (1.4 and 0.24 per 1000 live births for preterm and term newborns, respectively). The registered cases of LOD (n = 100) were classified as sepsis (n = 57), meningitis (n = 36), or focal infection (n = 7). Thirty neonates were preterm (2 had recurrent infection); 68 were term. Four infants died (3 early preterm, 1 term). At the time the LOD diagnosis was confirmed, 3 (6%) of 53 mothers had GBS mastitis, and 30 (64%) of 47 carried GBS at the rectovaginal site. Early (7-30 days) LOD presentation was associated with neonatal brain lesions or death (odds ratio: 0.96 [95% confidence interval: 0.93-0.99]). Intrapartum antibiotic exposure was significantly associated with mild (12 of 22) rather than severe (11 of 45; P = .03) LOD. CONCLUSIONS: Preterm neonates had the highest rates of LOD and mortality. Most mothers carried GBS at the time of the LOD diagnosis, whereas 6% had mastitis. Intrapartum antibiotics were associated both with delayed presentation of symptoms and milder LOD.

Group B streptococcus late-onset disease: 2003-2010 / Berardi A; Rossi C; Lugli L; Creti R; Bacchi Reggiani ML; Lanari M; Memo L; Pedna MF; Venturelli C; Perrone E; Ciccia M; Tridapalli E; Piepoli M; Contiero R; Ferrari F; GBS Prevention Working Group Emilia-Romagna. - In: PEDIATRICS. - ISSN 0031-4005. - ELETTRONICO. - 131:(2013), pp. e361-e368. [10.1542/peds.2012-1231]

Group B streptococcus late-onset disease: 2003-2010.

BACCHI REGGIANI, MARIA LETIZIA;LANARI, MARCELLO;PERRONE, ENRICA;TRIDAPALLI, ELISABETTA;
2013

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is insufficient population-based data on group B streptococcus (GBS) late-onset disease (LOD). Risk factors and routes of GBS transmission are poorly understood. METHODS: A prospective, cohort study was conducted to collect incidence data on LOD and evaluate GBS infections over an 8-year period (2003-2010). Starting from January 2007, maternal rectovaginal and breast milk cultures were routinely collected on confirmation of the LOD diagnosis to assess maternal GBS culture status. RESULTS: The incidence rate of LOD was 0.32 per 1000 live births (1.4 and 0.24 per 1000 live births for preterm and term newborns, respectively). The registered cases of LOD (n = 100) were classified as sepsis (n = 57), meningitis (n = 36), or focal infection (n = 7). Thirty neonates were preterm (2 had recurrent infection); 68 were term. Four infants died (3 early preterm, 1 term). At the time the LOD diagnosis was confirmed, 3 (6%) of 53 mothers had GBS mastitis, and 30 (64%) of 47 carried GBS at the rectovaginal site. Early (7-30 days) LOD presentation was associated with neonatal brain lesions or death (odds ratio: 0.96 [95% confidence interval: 0.93-0.99]). Intrapartum antibiotic exposure was significantly associated with mild (12 of 22) rather than severe (11 of 45; P = .03) LOD. CONCLUSIONS: Preterm neonates had the highest rates of LOD and mortality. Most mothers carried GBS at the time of the LOD diagnosis, whereas 6% had mastitis. Intrapartum antibiotics were associated both with delayed presentation of symptoms and milder LOD.
2013
Group B streptococcus late-onset disease: 2003-2010 / Berardi A; Rossi C; Lugli L; Creti R; Bacchi Reggiani ML; Lanari M; Memo L; Pedna MF; Venturelli C; Perrone E; Ciccia M; Tridapalli E; Piepoli M; Contiero R; Ferrari F; GBS Prevention Working Group Emilia-Romagna. - In: PEDIATRICS. - ISSN 0031-4005. - ELETTRONICO. - 131:(2013), pp. e361-e368. [10.1542/peds.2012-1231]
Berardi A; Rossi C; Lugli L; Creti R; Bacchi Reggiani ML; Lanari M; Memo L; Pedna MF; Venturelli C; Perrone E; Ciccia M; Tridapalli E; Piepoli M; Contiero R; Ferrari F; GBS Prevention Working Group Emilia-Romagna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/142458
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